Volume 29, Issue 11 (1-2023)                   RJMS 2023, 29(11): 452-459 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: مقاله مستخرج از رساله دکتراست
Ethics code: مقاله مستخرج از رساله دکتراست
Clinical trials code: مقاله مستخرج از رساله دکتراست

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Ershadifar M, Hazrati Souma Z, Amir Mazaheri A M. Identifying Factors Affecting Social Justice in Sports from a Sociological Perspective. RJMS 2023; 29 (11) :452-459
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-8517-en.html
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran, Iran , z.hazratisomeeh@iauctb.ac.ir
Abstract:   (81 Views)
Background & Purpose:  Sociology of sports is mentioned as a new social movement to understand common national symbols, which is able to provide the necessary prerequisites for communication action in order to create agreement and understanding between people on the way to achieve social cohesion. In general, sport for development, peace and justice refers to seven thematic areas, which are: sport and disability, sport and education, sport and gender equality, sport and health, sport and livelihood (welfare), sport, peace and sport and Social cohesion (1). With the increase of works and writings that examine the sociology of sports, the scientific analysis of the mutual influence of sports and society has been relatively established, and the titles in the collection of sports in the global community are proof of this. For example, Giulianotti et al. (2016) in a research titled Sport for Development and Peace: Power, Politics, and Advocacy stated that the monitoring and evaluation of projects related to sport for development and peace, instead of relying on previous criteria that are in places Cultural diversity is done, it needs careful national and local opinion (2). As stated in the research, no research has been done on social justice and considering the nature of sports, this research can represent and show the impact of sports on social justice, because the lack of social justice in public sports causes a decrease in physical activity and in championship sports. It will reduce the number of medals and the sport will gain popularity in the society. The main issue is how can sports become a factor for social justice?
Methods: The current research is of applied type, which was done in a mixed (quantitative and qualitative) way. To carry out this research, content analysis was used in the qualitative part, and in the quantitative part, Delphi method and structural analysis were used to confirm the indicators. The statistical population of this research was formed by the qualitative section of sports managers and managers of sports organizations from all over the country, and 20 people were selected as a sample by snowball sampling in a purposeful and non-random way. Also, in the quantitative part of the statistical population of this research, there were professors and sports activists, 400 people were selected as a sample through available and targeted random sampling. In order to collect data, exploratory interviews were used in the qualitative part, and a researcher-made questionnaire was used in the quantitative part, which was the output of the qualitative phase. The questionnaire included variables and determining factors and was set on a 5-point Likert scale. Finally, for the statistical analysis of the data in the qualitative part of open coding and in the quantitative part of the analysis of the relationship between the variables and intergroup comparison using inferential statistical tests (SPSS20 software), confirming the indicators using the fuzzy Delphi method (2016 excel) and Structural modeling and measurement of multiple relationships between variables (smart pls software) were used.
Results:  In this research, exploratory factor analysis was used to determine and identify social justice in sports. For this reason, before conducting the factor analysis, in order to ensure the sufficient number of samples, the Kiers-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) criterion was used and Bartlett's test was used to determine the correlation between variables (items) (Table 1). According to the findings of Table 1, the obtained KMO value is 0.666. This value indicates that the number of research samples is sufficient for factor analysis and it is possible to perform factor analysis for the desired data and the data can be reduced to a series of hidden factors. Also, the results of Bartlett's test (Sig=0.001, χ=22822/985) show that there is a high correlation between the items, so it is permissible to continue and use other stages of factor analysis. In the following, the results obtained from the factor analysis of the components are presented separately with the factor loading value obtained for each factor (Table 2). According to the commonality table (Table 2), the initial estimate of the commonality of each variable showed that the values of all of them are equal to one. The common factor variance column in Table 2 shows the amount of variance of each variable that the set of factors could explain. The closer the values are to (1), the better, and the smaller values of each variable indicate that the desired variable (item or question) is not suitable enough for factor analysis and therefore should be removed from the analysis. Therefore, the experts' belief that the variables that the agents could not determine above 0.3 (or 30%) of their changes are adjusted or removed from the set of variables. As can be seen in Table 2, the common variance of all items is reported to be more than 0.3. Therefore, all variables (items) will remain in the analysis.
Conclusion:  The results of this research showed that the factors of social justice include (healthy lifestyle, sustainable development, empowerment of women and promotion of gender equality, sports justice, political infrastructure, human resource development, sports sociology, local globalization, organizational capacity, job creation, rules and regulations, social capital development and economic development). Organizational well-being has a positive and significant effect on the social performance of the Ministry of Sports and Youth. Also, the effect of the perception of gender justice on the social performance of the Ministry of Sports and Youth with the mediating role of organizational well-being was positive and meaningful, and the expansion of gender justice by the managers of the Ministry of Sports and Youth will be accompanied by the improvement of social performance, and if the development of organizational well-being is provided, In general, we will see an improvement in the performance of the Ministry of Sports and Youth (5). In general, the importance of social justice in the field of sports is so great that various researches have been conducted in this field and various results have been obtained. In relation to the importance of political infrastructure development, it should be mentioned that the conditions that lead to the positive attitude of politicians and the importance of sports for everyone, along with the reduction of the cost of participation in sports programs and the increase of attention to the cultural issues of society, the field of sports development It can provide everyone more than before. Also, in the plans of our country, the development of sports has been emphasized in the form of cultural development and has caused the issue of sports to be viewed as one of the pillars of cultural development (10). Regarding the factor of women's empowerment and promotion of gender equality, Javadipour et al. (2017) in a research showed that the variables of socio-economic base, social values and norms, role modeling from parents, women's education and use of media have the greatest impact on inequality. Women have gender in sports (12).

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Community Medicine

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