Volume 29, Issue 11 (1-2023)                   RJMS 2023, 29(11): 460-469 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 01
Ethics code: 01
Clinical trials code: 01

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Ghasemi Y, Sobhi A, Kiani G. Presenting the Structural Model of Academic Aspirations Based on Social Interest With the Mediating Role of Self-Differentiation in Secondary School Students of Zanjan City. RJMS 2023; 29 (11) :460-469
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-8451-en.html
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran , sobhi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (91 Views)
Background & Purpose: Considering the importance of academic aspirations and their impact on people's performance, especially in academic situations and their role in the success and future of students, identifying predictors and factors affecting it can be a step towards identifying and solving motivational problems of learners in the educational environment; Adolescence is a critical developmental period characterized by biological and social changes and challenges. This issue is actually the period of transition from childhood to adulthood, where these challenges are often accompanied by increased emotional reactions and stress. For this reason, this cause of curiosity has been realized to understand the causes of healthy psychological development of adolescents. Therefore, this research was conducted with the aim of providing a structural model of academic aspirations based on social interest with the mediating role of self-differentiation in secondary school students of Zanjan city.
Methods: The current research method is descriptive-correlational in terms of data collection through structural equation modeling. The statistical population of the present study included all secondary school students (boys and girls) of Zanjan city in the academic year 1400-1401 who were studying. There are different opinions about the sample size in the research related to the structural equation model correlation research method, but everyone agrees that the structural equation model is similar to the factor analysis of statistical techniques that can be implemented with a large sample. Boomsma (1983) considered the volume of about 200 people sufficient to fit the model. Based on the expected effect size and the distribution of the measured variables, as well as considering the power of the test, at least 10 subjects may be sufficient for each estimated parameter, provided that the estimated effect size is large and the measured variables have a normal distribution. Therefore, the minimum sample of the present study, taking into account the number of parameters estimated in the model, was at least 350 students, which, taking into account possible dropouts, 400 students (200 female students and 200 male students) were selected as the research sample. The sampling method in this research was multi-stage cluster random sampling. In this way, from among the second secondary schools in Zanjan city, regions 1 and 2 were first selected, then two schools were randomly selected from each region, and then four classes were randomly selected from each school, and finally, questionnaires were administered among its students. Classes were distributed. It should be mentioned that in order to collect data according to the health conditions of the country (coronavirus outbreak), the researcher has access to active groups in the virtual networks of students (groups that hold online classes in the network have been created), after explaining the research objectives, sent the questionnaires to the groups. It should be noted that all the details and information of the students remained confidential. In order to analyze the data, SPSS-V23 and Amos-V8.8 software were used.
Results:  In this research, 38.68% of the participants were boys and 61.32% were girls. 30% were studying in 10th grade, 37.17% in 11th grade and 32.83% in 12th grade. The minimum and maximum ages of male and female students were 15 and 19 years, the average age of boys was 16.31 years and girls was 16.74 years, and the average age of boys and girls was 16.57 years. Below are the research variables' minimum, maximum, average, and standard deviation. The mean and standard deviation of the variables of academic aspirations, social interest, and self-differentiation components in the studied sample are presented in Table 1. As can be seen, based on the scoring method of the measurement tool, the academic aspirations of the students are at a desirable level. The social interest of the students is in the medium to high level and the differentiation of the students is in the medium level. The research results showed that the model is a good fit. The results showed that the direct effect of social interest on the self-differentiation of secondary school students in Zanjan city is not significant (P<0.05). The direct effect of self-differentiation on the academic aspirations of second-secondary students in Zanjan City is not significant (P<0.05). The indirect effect of social interest on the academic aspirations of second-secondary students in Zanjan city through differentiation is not significant (P<0.05). Therefore, paying attention to the mentioned variables helps researchers and therapists in prevention and designing more suitable treatments.
Conclusion:  Social interest is directly related to being active and lively among the young generation and students. If proper planning is done in this field, the ground will be prepared for the growth and productivity of this group, that is why creating a platform for creating self-differentiation in students in order to increase their social interest is one of the requirements that the authorities And planners should pay attention to it. Based on this, activists and policymakers of higher education and schools should define and target the commitment to ethical behavior in the form of coherent and operational plans and strive to accept governance and ethical standards, because the principles and values of Humanity and ethical behaviors are of special importance in educational organizations, and schools and universities are no exception to this rule, and without a doubt, in order to achieve their vision and long-term goals, they need people who have acted beyond the established requirements. Self-differentiation can reveal the range and depth of intellectual and emotional capabilities in all stages and dimensions of life and create goodness and kindness. Therefore, self-differentiation as the basis of a person's judgment about himself and the organization of value to his position should play an essential role in various fields, especially the promotion and provision of social interest. The results showed that the direct effect of social interest on the academic aspirations of second-secondary students in Zanjan city is significant, meaning that social interest positively explains the variance of students' academic aspirations. According to the results, it can be acknowledged that by increasing the self-differentiation, social interest, and academic aspirations of the second-secondary students of Zanjan city, it is possible to help increase the academic success of the students.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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