Volume 29, Issue 9 (12-2022)                   RJMS 2022, 29(9): 272-281 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 01
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Clinical trials code: 01

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Esmaeli Zamanabad M. Investigating the Relationship between Spiritual Health and the Improvement of Mental Disorders in Students. RJMS 2022; 29 (9) :272-281
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-7989-en.html
Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Studies, Mahabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahabad, Iran. , esmaelimaryam507@gmail.com
Abstract:   (488 Views)
Background & Aims: One of the important challenges of teachers in classrooms is to focus students' attention on subjects and help them learn. One of the factors affecting the academic progress of students is the presence of variables such as mental health that can affect learning. Students are considered the main assets of any society, and improving the level of mental health and reducing mental disorders in these people is an important matter, and having healthy students, both physically and mentally, can achieve the main goals of society's health, because one of the important goals in society is to have healthy people physically and mentally. Many factors are involved in reducing mental disorders such as depression, anxiety, and stress, which are spiritual health and spiritual care. Spiritual health leads to the improvement of the level of emotional and physical needs of the disease among patients, reducing pain, stress, and negative emotions and reducing the risk of depression and suicide. It has been reported that people who receive adequate spiritual care have a higher level of life expectancy. When people's spiritual needs are not met, lower levels of life satisfaction are observed. It seems that unfulfilled spiritual needs have a profound effect on people's mental health. These adverse outcomes include decreased quality of life, increased risk of depression, and decreased perceived spiritual well-being. The necessity of the existence of spirituality in human beings is like the necessity of the existence of inhaling and exhaling for the body to be alive. Spirituality can be identified for all human beings in all societies and all over the world. Spirituality is one of the life-giving principles of human existence and has been accepted by many religions, cultures, and traditions all over the world. On the other hand, there are still opinions that consider spirituality to be internal from birth and in a static state, and that spirituality is acquired through life experiences. Spirituality is considered to be an inner experience and both a connection to a transcendent power and a reality for increasing awareness and connection with oneself and others and a greater reality. Spiritual health is considered a protective factor in promoting health and preventing diseases, while spiritual health can be mentioned as a successful and helpful strategy for human life in all stages and areas of life, including situations full of stress, diseases, and even death. Considering the importance of the role of students in the future of any country and the lack of studies regarding the role of spiritual care on the level of mental disorders, the present research was conducted with the aim of investigating the relationship between spiritual health and the improvement of mental disorders in students.
Methods: The statistical population of this descriptive-correlation study included all female students of the second secondary level of Miandoab city who were studying in 1400 and their number was equal to 1800 people, and the sample size was 317 people through Morgan's Kargesi table. , was selected by a simple random sampling method. In this research, Polotzin and Ellison's spiritual health questionnaire and mental disorders (depression, anxiety, stress) Lavibond et al. (1995) were used. Data were analyzed using Pearson's correlation test and multivariate regression.
Results: The results showed that the correlation coefficient calculated between spiritual health and stress (0.438) and spiritual health and anxiety (-0.324) as well as spiritual health and depression (-0.282) is smaller than the error level of 0.5 is 0.0, so it can be concluded that there is a relationship between spiritual health and stress, anxiety, and depression of students, and since the value of the calculated correlation coefficient is negative, therefore the relationship between them is negative and inverse.
Conclusion: Spiritual health leads to the improvement of the level of mental disorders (stress, anxiety, and depression) in students, so it is suggested that teachers and educational staff as well as parents take measures to increase the level of spiritual health in students. The current research, like any other research, has limitations that can clarify the findings and suggestions of the research and help future researchers to adopt effective measures to deal with the threat of internal and external validity of research projects. to give The basic limitations of the current research are as follows: the bias of people towards answering the questions of the questionnaires, which reduces the accuracy of the results to some extent, the presence of unwanted variables that affect the results of the research, and the lack of use of other research tools such as observation and interview. It has been associated with the subjects and only using the questionnaire. This research was conducted only on the population of secondary school female students of Miandoab city, and caution should be taken in generalizing the results to other regions and cities. The level of honesty of the respondents to the questions in the questionnaires is one of the uncontrollable limitations. Also, several questionnaires were completed at home, and the existing conditions may affect the way of answering. It is suggested that at the beginning of the academic year, by referring to the students' files, they should try to identify those who have a low level of spiritual health, and with the cooperation of the director and vice-chancellor, to adopt strategies to increase the level of spiritual health, for example, encouraging and persuading students. Parents and educators should conduct regular and continuous religious activities. To reduce the problems of students who have mental disorders, help from the school staff and parents, because a working group gives better results. In briefing sessions with families, problems such as mental disorders and complications of lack of spiritual health level and methods of identifying students with such problems should be pointed out and we ask parents to continuously monitor the behavior of students and communicate with the relevant teachers in In this field, they should cooperate as much as possible so that if these cases are identified, they can quickly prevent and treat such problems.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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