Volume 29, Issue 11 (1-2023)                   RJMS 2023, 29(11): 416-423 | Back to browse issues page

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Heydarpanah A, Taheri A, Ghasemizad A. Behavioral Pathology of Championship Sports from the Point of View of Managers and Athletes. RJMS 2023; 29 (11) :416-423
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-7884-en.html
Associate Professor, Department of Educational Management, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran , abdolmohamadtaheri4520@iran.ir
Abstract:   (606 Views)
Background & Aims: Sports is one of the important human activities that has existed in almost every human society. Mankind has been familiar with this phenomenon for different ages and each civilization has a special approach to it. The thinkers of educational issues in the past realized the valuable aspects of sports and their great power in human socialization and normalizing and building a balanced social personality. Sports achieve success in the light of its compromising factors with other systems within the social system; because sport is one of the typical aspects of the social system and a complementary part of the social context, and it is affected by all the factors and aspects that make up this system. Therefore, the weakness of the economy undoubtedly affects sports; as the confirmation and non-support of religion from sports, it leads to weakness. Also, education and advertising, which is the sports system, should be adapted to them if it wants stability and success. Championship sports are one of the important pillars of sports development in the country. The development of championship sports in every country is a prerequisite for success in world competitions and the Olympics. In the past few decades, the competition between countries to win medals in international competitions has intensified. This has led the governments and sports organizations of countries around the world to increase the number of dedicated funds for championship sports. To achieve international success, the championship sports systems of the countries have become highly homogeneous and homogenous, and all of them follow almost the same systems. A championship sport is a sport that is defined to gain a ranked position and it is a competitive and organized sport that is performed according to specific rules and regulations to improve sports records and earn a rank with a medal. The responsibility of its support is on the non-governmental and private sectors with the support of the government, and its executive responsibility is on the non-governmental sector (federations and boards). As a reflection of the social system, championship sports have always had a strange connection with sports. The meaning of cultural development in championship sports is the expansion of norms, values, beliefs, symbols, etc. in sports, away from immoral issues and current common anomalies; Therefore, unlike the development of sports culture, which emphasizes increasing the participation of people in sports programs and paying more attention to the physical aspect, cultural development in sports includes all social, political, economic, identity and cultural aspects of sports. On the other hand, sports culture is a part of cultural development in sports. It can be argued that the research on the factors and criteria of cultural development in sports, especially championship sports, has received less attention or interest from researchers, educational institutions, and policymakers. Therefore, the purpose of the current research is to the pathology of championship sports in the Ministry of Sports and Youth (a case study of the General Department of Sports and Youth in Fars Province).
Methods: The current research is mixed research based on the theory of mixed theory. The types of data are collected and analyzed in a combined manner. Therefore, both the survey technique and the in-depth interview technique are used in this research. Also, this research is a field study in terms of the type of dealing with the investigated problem and entering into it. Therefore, this research is carried out in two stages: the first stage with a quantitative approach and a survey tool on the managers of sports and youth organizations of Fars province and active athletes, and the second stage with a qualitative approach and an in-depth interview tool. Based on the type of data collected and its analysis, this research was quantitative and according to the objectives and the nature of the research problem in the direction of "behavioral pathology of championship sports in the Ministry of Sports and Youth", an inductive qualitative method was used. In this research, the statistical population studied was all active athletes and employees of the General Department of Sports and Youth of Fars province, numbering 500 people. To determine the size of the studied sample based on the theoretical foundations of structural equations, a minimum sample size of 200 is suggested. Despite this, a larger sample size than this number may lead to a higher chi-square and decrease the model fit. Therefore, in this research, a sample size of 200 people was selected as stratified random sampling. The tools used in this research were the championship sport pathology questionnaire by Nouri et al. managers (2017) and the researcher's sports championship questionnaire (2018). After that, with the help of the predetermined format, content validity and reliability were determined as 0.964 and 0.758, respectively. To explain, the data extracted from the studied tools were analyzed in Lisrel software.
Results: The results showed that from the point of view of managers, the strongest relationship between the components and the pathology variable of championship sports is the structural component, and from the athletes' point of view, the strongest relationship between the components and the pathology variable of championship sports is the contextual variable.
Conclusion: In general, it can be acknowledged that from the point of view of the athletes, the most damage was related to the background factors in the Ministry of Sports and Youth of Fars Province, therefore, programs to change individual and social beliefs and attitudes are on the agenda of the authorities. be placed Also, from the point of view of managers, the most damage is related to structural factors in the Ministry of Sports and Youth of Fars province, therefore, changes in the components of structural factors are necessary. Organizational damage has a very broad concept that includes all internal and external aspects of the organization, which is considered a serious threat to the survival of the organization, and its timely detection is considered necessary for the maintenance and growth of the organization. Correct and timely diagnosis allows managers to always be aware of the current issues and problems of their organization and prevent them from becoming acute. Problems such as lack of interest of employees to work, lack of motivation, and ultimately the reduction of employee productivity, which leads to the reduction of organizational productivity, can be caused by inadequacies and damages in the system. There is employee performance management. The damages of the environmental fields are the damages that disturb the proper and correct relationship and interaction, or in other words, the timely and correct reaction of the organization with its neighboring environmental systems, and create a crisis in these relations. The relationship between structural, behavioral, and contextual factors is such that no phenomenon can occur outside of the interaction of these three branches. The relationship between these triads is a close relationship that is practically inseparable. In other words, there is no trinity between the three branches, but the trinity is the rule. Distinguishing and distinguishing these three aspects is purely theoretical to analyze and understand the concepts of phenomena.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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