Volume 29, Issue 11 (1-2023)                   RJMS 2023, 29(11): 384-392 | Back to browse issues page

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Badami M, Zomorody S. The Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Emotional Maturity and Fear of Negative Evaluation in Married Women. RJMS 2023; 29 (11) :384-392
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-7867-en.html
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, West Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran , Saeedeh.zomorody@gmail.com
Abstract:   (383 Views)
Background & Aims: Family is one of the basic foundations of any society. Having healthy families can have an important effect on the mental health of society, and these social ties create a sense of meaning in life, and in this regard, women are considered one of the important pillars of balance, peace, and life improvement. They are responsible for very important roles such as mothers, wives, etc., so they are productive forces that nurture social and carry heavy tasks of education and community building. Considering the basic role of women in the family and their direct influence in society and the issues and problems that arise for these people due to the multiplicity of roles. One of the problems that women face is the fear of negative evaluation. In the field of interpersonal relationships, people's concern about others' inappropriate evaluation of them as an interpersonal inhibiting factor is particularly important. Women who are responsible for the family alone in their lives report a high level of stress and lack of self-esteem. When people fear the negative evaluation of others, they turn their attention to internal threatening stimuli such as anxiety reactions. High anxiety destroys the chance to reassess the situation and disrupts social functioning, and the level of self-efficacy of a person gradually decreases. Because the person avoids situations where there is a possibility of social evaluation and gradually provides the ground for the isolation of himself and his family. On the other hand, one of the variables that play a significant role in the well-being and mental health of married women is emotional maturity. Emotional maturity is described as the ability to control oneself in the face of failure, to feel responsible for one's decisions and actions, and to have an adequate level of awareness of one's emotions. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is one of the effective treatments that has been investigated in this research. The cognitive-behavioral approach focuses on cognitive distortions and efforts to change behavior. The core of CBT is the emotions and behaviors that are formed by our thoughts and perceptions. The therapist helps the patient identify cognitive distortions and replace them with more positive and realistic ways of thinking. It seems that this therapeutic approach can be used to increase emotional maturity and reduce negative evaluation in married women and is an effective step in improving their mental health. Therefore, the current research aims to answer the question of whether cognitive behavioral therapy is effective on emotional maturity and fear of negative evaluation in married women.
Methods: The research method is semi-experimental with two experimental and control groups, and the statistical population of the research includes all married women 25-50 years of age who announced their desire to participate in the research in the virtual space, and their number was 120. According to the research method, 30 people were randomly divided into two experimental and control groups (15 people for each group). Data collection was done by fear of negative evaluation and emotional maturity questionnaires, and the intervention was done by cognitive behavioral therapy protocol. Also, the statistical method of covariance analysis was used to analyze the data.
Results: The results indicated that there was a significant difference between the total score and the subscales of the two questionnaires on emotional maturity and fear of negative evaluation, in the pre-test and post-test in the experimental and control groups in married women.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that cognitive behavioral therapy can be used to improve social behavior, improve a person's positive feelings towards themselves and others, and provide the basis for a person's growth after marriage. The training of cognitive-behavioral skills leads to the reduction of extreme generalization and hasty conclusions, which are great obstacles on the way to emotional maturity. Undoubtedly, married people think that they cannot reach the level of skill and self-fulfillment in society because of problems after marriage, and they are constantly afraid of being blamed for their immature and unorganized behavior. Therefore, they are afraid of being judged and evaluated. In other words, these people may avoid social relationships due to fear of negative evaluation. Since the fear of negative evaluation is a cognitive component that exists in social anxiety disorder. People with this disorder think that everyone evaluates them negatively and are afraid of being exposed to negative evaluations. Therefore, with the help of cognitive behavioral therapy, these people can be helped to become aware of their negative thoughts that have led to fear and avoidance of social relationships and to be able to have a proper relationship with post-traumatic conditions by controlling and regulating emotions. This approach helps people gain control over their lives and reduce their vulnerability to being judged and evaluated. In general, in this type of treatment, through the correction of cognitive misconceptions, such as self-blame, negative reactions, emotional problems, worries associated with anxiety, avoidance, dependence, helplessness towards change, and thoughts that cause the continuation of negative emotions and It affects the strengthening of negative beliefs, and as a result, this treatment can improve social behavior, improve a person's positive feeling towards himself and others, and increase the ground for the person's growth after Marriage provides.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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