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Confronting the modern world has led to the formation of different expectations in the lives of couples and subsequently to fundamental changes in the communication and emotional level. Several factors hinder the proper communication of couples and bring the common life to coldness and emotional deadlock, and in some cases it leads to the phenomenon of unconventional communication and betrayal (1).

On the other hand, along with the development of science and technology and as a result of new innovations and techniques, products and goods have entered human life that have a dual function in the individual and social life of man. (2). One of the most prominent and widely used of these products is social media and virtual space. With the increase in the use of the Internet, reports of cyber-harassment, sexual requests and virtual bullying have also increased (3). Virtual space, with the possibility of establishing quick simultaneous and non-synchronous communication, access to a large amount of information and its widespread dissemination, is an effective tool for communication between people and plays a positive role in cultural development and human relations, (3) .

On the other hand, it seems that one of the most important factors affecting the willingness to use virtual space and social networks is psychological factors, including passion for virtual space. In 2003, for the first time, Wallerand et al. described a dual model of enthusiasm: 1- a great desire to do an activity on a regular basis, 2- a desire to do an activity to the point where all one's time and energy are spent on it. spend (4).
Considering that the extramarital relationship of couples is one of the main causes of marital conflicts and divorce; And it has been growing in recent years. But in Iran, there is a lack of research in this field due to the high reaction and sensitivity of the society and laws to the perpetrators and the lack of easy access to people, and the research in this field is very little and insufficient. Therefore, the researcher is trying to answer this question: does virtual bullying and passion for virtual space have an effect on the unconventional relationship of couples in Tehran?
In order to carry out the current applied research, which is based on two quantitative approaches (by completing personal information questionnaires, enthusiasm (Wallerand et al., 2003), virtual bullying (Minnesini et al., 2011) and unconventional communication (Whatley, 2008) by 384 people. of married couples in Tehran) and qualitative (based on grounded theory and unstructured in-depth interview technique, through interviews with 30 married men and women in Tehran with a history of extramarital relationship). Finally, to analyze the data at the descriptive level of mean, frequency, standard deviation, and in the inferential statistics section to check the state of data distribution from the skewness and kurtosis index and to check the validity of the questionnaires from confirmatory factor analysis for hypothesis testing. Spearman's correlation test and structural equation modeling with partial least squares approach and SPSS version 26 and Smart Pls version 3 software were used to test the model.
The results showed that there is a significant relationship between passion for virtual space and virtual bullying (r=0.728, P<0.01). The share of variance (determining coefficient) of the two mentioned variables is equal to 53%. There is a significant relationship (r=0.564, P<0.01) between passion for virtual space and unconventional relationships of couples. The share of variance (coefficient of determination) of the two mentioned variables is equal to 32%. There is a significant relationship between virtual bullying and couples' unconventional relationships (r=0.663, P<0.01).
The results showed that the variable of passion for virtual space can explain and predict the variable of virtual bullying. It was also found that the variable of passion for virtual space has the ability to explain and predict the variable of couples' unconventional relationships. Finally, the variable of virtual bullying has an average ability to explain and predict the variable of couples' unconventional relationships.

In the axis of individual factors, tiredness from shared life, excitement seeking, personality disorders (such as: paranoid, schizoid, bipolar disorder, etc.) and personality traits (such as: dramatic, borderline, antisocial, narcissistic personality) in line with the research. Baucom et al. (2009); Curiosity has been consistent with the research of Mark et al. (2011) and Bakum et al. (2009) (6).

Parsons' (1995) nuclear family model theory is cited in the axis of inappropriate marriage factors. According to Parsons, the nuclear family is a consumption unit that depends on the husband's job outside the home and is created based on free choice of wife and on the basis of romantic love. In the current situation and with the change of social structure from traditional to modern and as a result, the creation of family-wide institutions in various fields including employment and meeting economic needs, the family gradually loses its productive function and the only role of kinship of the members towards Each other remains in it (9).

In the axis of society and environment factors, the theories of culture change through the media of Inglehart (1970), the role of religious factors of Alport (1955), the role of economic factors of Kanger (1900), Kasht Gerbner (1969) and the crisis conditions of Sarukhani (1376) are cited. has been According to Inglehart, individual use of media and especially social networks has a direct effect on individual values. People who are continuously exposed to the information of social networks and media, their orientations towards religion, gender equality, traditional ethical standards, attitude towards democracy and... They will be significantly different (11). The interviewees have admitted that with the change of society and its values, their beliefs about the norms of society, religion and commitment have changed and with the spread of social networks and the possibility of easier access, the possibility of unconventional communication has increased. Social media provide an outlet for behaviors that may be potentially harmful to romantic relationships, such as communicating with alternative partners, which can sometimes lead to relationship conflict, separation, or divorce (14).

Most of them have considered the corona pandemic to be more important than before, which is in line with the results of Cope Gordon's research. He has admitted that the increased stress caused by the pandemic may expose couples to an increased risk of infidelity. The negative consequences of infidelity are also likely to be exacerbated for couples during the pandemic due to the intersection with the social, emotional, and financial consequences of COVID-19 (15). Also, most of them have emphasized the lack of emotional and sexual connection with their spouses and the desire to satisfy their needs in the form of extramarital relationships (16).

Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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