Volume 30, Issue 4 (7-2023)                   RJMS 2023, 30(4): 106-115 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 01
Ethics code: IR.IAU.SDJ.REC.1400.061
Clinical trials code: IR.IAU.SDJ.REC.1400.061

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Miryousefi Avval H, Karami J, AriaPooran S. The Role of Mindfulness and Basic Needs in Psychological Well-Being with the Mediation of Resilience. RJMS 2023; 30 (4) :106-115
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-7768-en.html
Associate Professor, Department of General Psychology, Razi University Kermanshah, Kermanshah, Iran , Karamijahan.ca22@gmail.com
Abstract:   (428 Views)

Background & Aims: Positive psychology considers mental health to be equivalent to positive psychological function and conceptualized it in the form of the term psychological well-being. From this point of view, psychological well-being means optimal psychological functioning. Well-being does not mean getting pleasure, but it is an effort to transcend and improve in the realization of one's talents and abilities. This means that psychological well-being should be considered as happiness that is obtained through facing life's challenges, problems, and needs, not happiness that is obtained through having fun and not having any conflicts and conflicts, and not by having a uniform life without a change that has been achieved. Based on this, psychological well-being includes striving for perfection and realizing one's real potential forces. Well-being is a comprehensive process that spans the lifespan. Basic psychological needs are another variable that has a significant impact on psychological well-being. As a living being, a person has a series of basic needs, which become more complicated with the mind and the environment. These needs include the need for autonomy, the need for competence, and the need for relatedness. The need for competence means a person's ability to do the task and to what extent the person can achieve his goals and feels useful in achieving his goals, and the need for communication means a relationship with those who are important to the person and Or they support him and he feels connected with them. Satisfying these three basic needs is necessary for the progress and promotion of human beings, on the other hand when a person fails to meet these needs, incompatibility is formed, as stated by the science of psychopathology. Resilience is another variable that is related to psychological well-being. A person's successful coping with stressful factors and difficult situations is called resilience. Resilience is not just passive resistance against injuries or threatening conditions, a resilient person is an active participant and builder of his environment. Resilience is a person's ability to establish biological-psychological and spiritual balance in the face of dangerous conditions and a kind of self-restoration, which is associated with positive emotional, emotional, and cognitive consequences. It can be said that keeping in mind that the psychological well-being of the employees of the organizations is of special importance and improving the level of psychological well-being of the employees helps to improve the level of public health in society and on the other hand identifying the factors It is important and effective in increasing psychological well-being, and since it is based on the research done in previous researches, research is carried out at the same time to investigate the effect of mindfulness, basic psychological needs, and resilience. It was not found that the research has focused on psychological well-being, so the present study investigated the effect of these factors on psychological well-being.
Methods: This descriptive study was a survey type and its statistical population included all the employees of the National Bank of Alborz province in the year 1400 number of 761 people and with the method of multi-stage cluster-random sampling using the Plant formula. 327 people were selected. The validity of each item was confirmed by the professors and experts through the content validity method, and the reliability of the questionnaire was also confirmed through Cronbach's alpha. The structural equation method was used to analyze the data using spss23 and LISREL statistical software and to test the hypotheses.
Results: The research findings indicate that the coefficient of the indirect path of resilience and psychological need and mindfulness at the level of 0.01 has a significant effect on the psychological well-being model. According to the acceptable cut-off points, the fit for each of the questionnaires of psychological well-being, mindfulness, resilience, and psychological needs is optimally estimated.
Conclusion: The results of the research showed that mindfulness, basic psychological needs, and resilience predict psychological well-being as indicators and meaningfully. In general, it can be said that the results of the research indicate that mindfulness, basic psychological needs, and resilience predict psychological well-being as indicators and significance. This means that the training of mindfulness, basic psychological needs, and resilience in the form of in-service courses and along with performing defined activities creates or increases skills that these skills are in the aspect of They affect psychological well-being. With the results of this research in mind, it can be said that if the bank provides a suitable environment for increasing mental awareness, basic psychological needs, and resilience in employees, the level of psychological well-being will also increase in employees. The limitations of this research are as follows: the information of this research was collected through self-report (questionnaires) and this issue may affect the validity of the findings, so be careful with organizations and banks. Others should be generalized. Also, because the present research was carried out with caution during the corona epidemic and the stress and difficult working conditions of employees and adverse psychological conditions, its results should be available to others. The suggestions that can be made with the results of the research in mind are: with the help of training to the employees and also by providing past experiences and knowledge to increase the resilience among the employees because this causes psychological well-being. The number of employees will increase, and this will make the employees not lose their decision-making power in critical moments because one of the characteristics of the National Bank is that it does not give the employees the power to make decisions, and it has caused some From time to time, employees have to take orders from their superiors for any simple matter, for this reason, it is recommended that this issue be included in the bank's human resources strategies. Finally, bearing in mind that in the current study, the effect of mindfulness, basic psychological needs, and resilience on the psychological well-being of bank employees has been examined, it is suggested that future researchers investigate the relationship or effect of these variables with Check other variables.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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