Volume 29, Issue 10 (12-2022)                   RJMS 2022, 29(10): 222-232 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: IR.IAU.AHVAZ.REC.1401.075
Ethics code: IR.IAU.AHVAZ.REC.1401.075
Clinical trials code: .

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Zargani J, Ghaseminezhad Dehkordi A, Shabaninia M, Alam Z. Identifying Indicators of Physical Literacy during the Outbreak of the Corona Virus and Investigating the Development of Physical Literacy of Students. RJMS 2022; 29 (10) :222-232
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-7760-en.html
Assistant Professor, Department of Sports Management, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran , jawadzargani4@gmail.com
Abstract:   (225 Views)
Background & Aims: Intrinsic physical literacy is a reliable factor that, despite it, the skills, knowledge and attitude of children and teenagers develop in various activities and it causes balance and self-confidence in them to perform their activities (1). The term physical literacy refers to "motivation, confidence, physical strength, level of knowledge and perception that people seek to develop throughout their lives, in order to maintain physical activity at an appropriate level (2). Studies have shown that physical literacy is a part of human capacity that affects all stages of life and plays a significant role in perception, self-confidence and motivation (7). Quality physical education programs for the development of students' physical literacy are for them to be able to make active and healthy choices for the present and throughout their lives. However, due to the spread of the Covid-19 virus, the physical and movement activities of students have decreased in the current period. As mentioned earlier, physical literacy plays a significant role in perception, self-confidence, and motivation, and on the other hand, the spread of the corona virus can also affect people's confidence and mood (8). Therefore, apart from the other existing problems, in addition to the car life and the spread of apartment living, and as a result, the reduction of sports activities in the society, the Covid-19 virus has also affected the physical activity of the people in the society, especially the students, and these cases can cause irreparable damage. To import to the country in the future. Therefore, it is impossible not to consider the corona virus in the examination of physical literacy that is related to physical activity, in this particular age where there is a strong fear about sports activities (9). The Covid-19 virus has caused many problems in the field of sports (11); One of these cases can be seen as a decrease in motor activity and, as a result, physical literacy in students (12). According to the mentioned contents, the aim of the current research was to identify the indicators of physical literacy during the outbreak of the corona virus and to investigate the development of physical literacy of students.
Methods: The purpose of this research is fundamental and it is a type of qualitative and quantitative (mixed) research that is used in the qualitative part of foundational data theory (which is also known as data-driven theory, contextual theory, and fundamental theory) and the method Strauss and Corbin (1990) were used. Therefore, the researcher decided to extract the causal factors of the physical literacy development of students during the outbreak of the corona virus and provide a suggested model with a qualitative research. Considering the executive nature of the work, in order to conduct the interview, the researcher interviewed experts and experts in the field of sports management, movement behavior and sports psychology, which was considered in the qualitative part of the sampling method in a targeted manner. Finally, theoretical saturation was achieved with 14 interviews. In order to accurately measure each of the obtained indicators, it was necessary to prepare a tool to measure the obtained indicators and determine the amount of each of the indicators, so the questionnaire as a quantitative tool in this research was used. In fact, the indicators discovered from the interviews were considered in the form of central codes as dimensions of the questionnaire and open codes as items, and finally they were converted into a questionnaire in a preliminary study with 110 samples. Therefore, the sample should also be considered in the quantitative section. In fact, the purpose of measuring indicators is to compare the level of development of physical literacy in the centers of different provinces of the country. Due to the fact that the development is different in different provinces of the country, therefore, in this study, the provinces were divided into two categories, rich and poor (14), and therefore, the cities of Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan as rich cities and Zahedan, Yasouj and Birjand were investigated as less privileged cities and physical education teachers were considered as the community. Therefore, in this research, in the quantitative part, two societies are considered. A wealthy society and a poor society with infrastructural facilities. The criterion for entering the research in the quantitative section was having at least five years of work experience and having a master's degree in physical education.
Therefore, the questionnaire was prepared and distributed online. All steps of the present research have been approved by the Ethics Committee of Ahvaz University (IR.IAU.AHVAZ.REC.1401.075). A sample size of 539 people was considered and descriptive methods of structural equations and hierarchical analysis were used in the quantitative part. SPSS version 26 software was used in this research.
Results: The findings of the interview in order to identify the causal factors for the development of students' physical literacy during the outbreak of the corona virus are presented in Table No. 1. All the interviewees were faculty members in sports management, growth and movement learning, and sports psychology with experience between 5 and 20 years. As you can see, 38 signs or open codes are placed in the form of 6 core codes and 3 selective codes. In this part, the questionnaire's standardization indicators are presented, and in the next stage, a comparison is made between privileged and non-privileged cities. The result shows that 68.53% of the physical literacy development causal indicators questionnaire is explained by six factors, and considering that the model is implemented in SPSS software and does not present an error, it can be stated that the determinants of the matrix coefficients The anticorrelation is zero and therefore this assumption is also met. Also, the KMO indices and Bartlett's sphericity test were in the optimal range (Table 2).
Conclusion: The results of our research showed that the most important component was the environmental component. The environmental component overseeing culture building was the role of the media in the development of physical literacy, increasing the awareness of families and society. Also, the structural component was the second most important. Also, the hierarchical analysis showed that the software component is in the third rank and the management component is in the fourth rank. In the fifth category of hierarchical analysis, hardware facilities and in the sixth category were individual factors. These results show that an important step can be taken in maintaining the health of students by identifying the indicators of physical literacy during the outbreak of the Corona virus, and this requires comprehensive cooperation between the family, school and authorities, and with rational management and Allocating targeted programs can promote physical literacy and thus health-related goals in children and prevent the side effects of Covid-19 to some extent.
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Exercise Physiology

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