Volume 30, Issue 1 (3-2023)                   RJMS 2023, 30(1): 167-178 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 01
Ethics code: IR.IAU.SARI.REC.1401.044
Clinical trials code: 01

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Tasi Shamsabadi M, Taghvaei Yazdi M, Niaz Azari K. The Effect of Electronic Folder Work on the Thinking and Mental Health of Medical University Assistants. RJMS 2023; 30 (1) :167-178
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-7687-en.html
Associate professor of Educational Management Department, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran , m_taghvaeeyazdi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (499 Views)
Background & Aims: Workbooks are a key and important factor in learning. A portfolio is a purposeful collection of evidence that can demonstrate overall effort and progress in one or more areas. Portfolio-based learning should be used in all fields of medical education as an educational and evaluation solution. "Electronic portfolio is a tool for learning and measuring the learning process and product with the ability to store, organize, provide feedback, modify and review student's work in a digital environment based on the web, network or computer and can and can be like a showcase representing growth, progress, and skills. The student should be in the specific field" according to Barrett, one of the pioneers in the development of electronic portfolio in education, the electronic portfolio contains works that the learner collects, reflects, selects, and displays to show growth and change over time. The use of electronic portfolios in online courses as a good assessment tool is agreed upon by different researchers. According to some, portfolios provide an opportunity for self-evaluation, self-regulation learning, reflection, and the development of individual skills. In addition to being a good tool for assessment, the electronic portfolio can also be a good tool for learning. The portfolio is a collection of student evidence and documentation that shows their effort, progress, and academic success in a theoretical or clinical training course. The workbook provides useful information to the student that determines his success or weaknesses. In other words, a portfolio is a tool for empowering students, which, by adopting a collaborative approach, leads to independence in student learning and changes teacher-centered learning to student-centered learning. On the other hand, with performance-based training and creating learning conditions based on the needs of each individual, the work folder provides the possibility of fair education and judgment for educational environments. It fulfills tasks, presents documents and documents, introduces ongoing and completed tasks, selects and approves qualifications, encourages and promotes, and training and evaluates thinking skills and learning strategies. On the other hand, nowadays, considering the features of the information age and the rapid and continuous expansion of communication and information resources, it is inevitable to cultivate thinking in students to adopt the right measures and appropriate choices. A mindset is a tendency or tendency towards a specific pattern of mental behavior. Also, the nature of thinking is a stable tendency to discover, investigate, seek clarity, accept rational risks and think critically and with a lot of imagination. Considering the complexities of today's life and the many unforeseen issues that arise in various fields and the abundant need of people for lifelong learning and creating process skills in them, and also considering the complexity existing in medical fields that require the use of superior intellectual attitudes and the adoption of impromptu measures in emergencies, cultivating the intellectual attitudes of learners is one of the basic priorities that should be in the focus of curricula take Because thinking plays an important role in students' learning. Therefore, considering the importance of the role of the electronic workbook and the nature of students' thinking, it is necessary to identify the factors affecting it. Therefore, the main question of the current research is: What is the effect of the electronic folder on thinking habits and mental health in the University of Medical Sciences to present the model?
Methods: This practical study was conducted with a mixed approach with a qualitative and quantitative approach with an exploratory design. Delphi method was used in the qualitative part and the descriptive survey method was used in the quantitative part. In the qualitative part, the statistical population included 18 professors of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, among whom 13 were selected by targeted sampling based on the saturation law, and 1665 postgraduate students and assistants of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences were included in the study. became A small part of which 312 people were selected as a sample using stratified random sampling based on Cochran's formula. To collect data, a researcher-made electronic portfolio questionnaire with 47 questions and thinking tendencies with 50 questions were used. The face and content validity of the instruments was confirmed by the supervisor and the consultant, and composite reliability and Cronbach's alpha were calculated above 0.7. For data analysis, empirical factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, Friedman test, and structural equations were used using SPSS21 and PLS3.2 software.
Results: The results showed that the electronic portfolio has 6 dimensions, among which skill has the highest standard coefficient and attitude has the highest degree of correlation. Also, the results of the structural equation test showed that the effect of the electronic workbook on thinking patterns and mental health in graduate students and assistants of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences is significant.
Conclusion: Therefore, it can be concluded that the electronic workbook affects the character of thinking and mental health of postgraduate students and assistants of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. It is necessary to prepare and design the global citizen curriculum at educational levels, especially in higher education. Undoubtedly, one of the most fundamental tasks of education and training, especially higher education, is the training of informed, committed, active, creative, and comprehensive citizens. People who can adapt themselves to the values, customs, and traditions of the local, national and global society. The educational system, especially universities, compile and implement all learning activities and experiences in the form of a curriculum. The main elements of the curriculum, which include goals, content, teaching methods, and evaluation methods, and are specified according to the main components of global citizen education, including knowledge, attitude, and skills, provide a platform for learning and education. The results of the present research showed that the electronic work folder consists of 2 dimensions "evaluation and education" and 6 components "feedback, self-evaluation, fostering creativity, fostering critical thinking, learner progress, and metacognitive knowledge" and among these, the highest standard coefficient related to the dimension Skill is the lowest value related to the related knowledge dimension.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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