Volume 30, Issue 1 (3-2023)                   RJMS 2023, 30(1): 301-0 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 01
Ethics code: IR.IAU.TNB.REC.1400.103
Clinical trials code: 01

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JahedAtaeian P, ShamsEsfandabad H, Farhangi A H. The Effectiveness of Positive Psychology on Reviving Couples' Attractiveness, Self-Compassion and Gratitude among Women with Marital Problems. RJMS 2023; 30 (1) :301-0
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-7614-en.html
Associate professor, Department of psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Qazvin Branch, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin ,Iran. , hshams1333@gmail.com
Abstract:   (271 Views)
Introduction and purpose: The motivation of a man is to create a good and intimate relationship with his wife. This motivation and connection bring various benefits including increased health and well-being. Despite these benefits, many long-term and short-term relationships end in dissolution. One of the most important factors in married life is the attractiveness of the couple. which is known as an important and desirable feature of a wife. More attractive people have various desirable characteristics such as better physical and mental health, higher self-esteem, and more career success due to underlying genes or social influences. Consequently, being in a relationship with an attractive partner may be beneficial to the individual and increase the desire to maintain the relationship. Studies have shown the importance of attraction in existing relationships. Men have been found to have more relationship satisfaction with more attractive partners and increase intimacy in the relationship. Self-compassion is one of the promising sources of self-compassion, which has preventive and promotional strengths and has a significant relationship to maintaining harmony with the internal and external realities of people's lives, and therefore it can be said that self-compassion is also one of the other effective factors in marital relationships. Self-compassion can be defined as kindness and openness towards oneself. Self-compassion requires patience, acceptance, and understanding. As a process, self-compassion can be used as a coping skill for pain or problems. Self-compassion is also a way to regulate emotions. Gratitude is another concept that has been addressed in marital studies. The conceptualization of gratitude can be understood from the functionalist approach to emotions, which suggests that emotions evolved to help humans solve problems and adapt to the environment. Emotions serve to draw attention to situations (eg, opportunities or threats) and coordinate responses to situations. As social species, humans' emotional states motivate them to take action to negotiate interpersonal relationships and guide social interactions. As it was said, the structures of maintaining attractiveness and intimacy, and self-compassion play a major role in the satisfaction and continuity of marital relationships and finding psychological treatment ways to increase these structures among women with problems can help these people in the treatment process. One of the introduced treatment approaches for people with various problems, including marital problems, is positive psychology treatment. Positive psychology is an approach that emphasizes the increase of human abilities and virtues and makes life valuable and provides the possibility for individuals and societies to achieve success. This approach emphasizes positive processes and advises therapists to pay attention to the positive processes of their clients that rarely and rarely occur in their lives. Positive psychology contributes to health science by conservatively balancing disease-based health care and prioritizing psychopathology. The goal of positive psychology is to achieve scientific growth in individuals and societies through effective psychological interventions and to achieve a scientific understanding of well-being. According to the above-mentioned materials, this research seeks to answer the question that the effectiveness of positive psychology among women with marital problems.

Method: In this semi-experimental research, a test-post-test design was used with a control group. The research population includes women with marital problems in Tehran who visited counseling centers in Tehran in 1400, and 30 of them were selected by available sampling and randomly assigned to the experimental group and the control group. The research tools were Karandashu's physical attractiveness questionnaire (2020), Neff's narcissism questionnaire (2003), and McClife's gratitude questionnaire (2002).

Findings: The findings showed that the intervention method can be effective in improving the attractiveness of couples, self-compassion, and gratitude of women with marital problems.

Conclusion: Regarding the effects of positive psychology, it can be said that: because positive intervention deals with psychological components such as flexibility and problem solving, over time it makes a person resilient against life's problems. Positive interventions can prepare a person's mind to choose appropriate and creative ways to advance goals and solve problems, which is one of the most effective components in this field, the component of self-awareness. Self-awareness is a component that is strengthened by teaching positive thinking to people. Another component that can be effective in this is the component of having a purpose and meaning in life. Considering that on the one hand, one of the foundations of positive psychology is the cultivation of purpose and meaning in life. Another component is an adaptation to the environment and inner peace, which is improved by positive intervention. In this way, it can be said that people who participate in the positive psychology course can increase their physical attractiveness by improving their problem-solving skills, and self-awareness, increasing meaning and purpose in life, and promoting inner harmony and peace by reducing marital problems. According to the explanations we mentioned about the methods and goals of positive psychology and according to the results obtained, it can be said that positive psychology has a positive effect on reviving the attractiveness of couples, self-compassion, and appreciation of women with marital problems. The results of this research can emphasize the results of previous research and theories related to the role of positive psychology treatments in reducing the psychological problems of people and women with marital problems.

Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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