Volume 29, Issue 10 (12-2022)                   RJMS 2022, 29(10): 248-257 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 01
Ethics code: IR.IAU.CTB.REC.1400.088
Clinical trials code: 01

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Mafinezhad M, Nikaeen Z, Zarei A. The Role of Physical Activity in Health Development Along with the Model Presentation. RJMS 2022; 29 (10) :248-257
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-7248-en.html
Department of Sports Management, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran , Dr.zinatnikaeen@gmail.com
Abstract:   (473 Views)

Background & Aims: According to research, exercise is effective in various fields. Reports from international activities show that sports in areas such as personal development, health promotion and disease prevention, promotion of gender equality, social integration and social capital development, peace building and conflict prevention/prevention, post-disaster / injury relief and normalcy Life-building, economic development, communication, and social mobilization have had the greatest impact, and are also linked to the Millennium Development Goals. But it does not seem to be able to achieve these eight alone. These goals include; Eliminate extreme poverty and anxiety, achieving universal primary education, promoting gender equality and women's empowerment, reducing child mortality, improving maternal health, fighting AIDS, malaria, and other diseases, ensuring environmental stability, and ultimately creating a global partnership for development. Undoubtedly, sport is an important tool in the hands of governments and governments to guide people towards the planned goals, because the most important means of public education in the current contemporary society in industrialized countries is a sport. The lack of scientific evidence and the underlying theoretical framework for how exercise can be used for social change indicates a significant gap between theory and practice. The educational system of the country is one of the most important systems in the country and its management requires difficult and effective management due to the presence of nearly 15 million students, 1100,000 administrative and educational staff, 716 educational districts with wide and diverse goals and communication with all Iranian families. Education seeks to provide the necessary conditions and create the right environment and opportunities, to put all students in healthy educational situations, and by responding to their needs, programs to strengthen the body in line with the principles and stages of growth and in harmony with the development of the spirit of supply. Slowly, In addition, educational sports, due to benefit from the large volume of society, especially children and adolescents at basic ages, can be a powerful potential for improving the situation in the country in various dimensions such as social cohesion, physical and mental health, etc. and in turn effectively help Show the development and progress of the society. But in the meantime, there is no complete research in which the impact of various sports categories on the development and progress of the country has been comprehensively examined to determine the extent to which various institutions and organizations have used this powerful tool. Based on this, the researcher intends to measure the impact of exercise on the dimensions of health to: What is the role of exercise in the development of health with the presentation of the model?
Methods: The method of the present study is applied. In this research, there are two groups of statistical population: (a) Professors and faculty members of the university (physical education and doctoral studies) whose number is about 30 people and the number of participants This study was about 12-15 experts who collected data until the information was saturated. (B) Professors and sports instructors in several universities and schools, whose number was 81 people and due to the low number of participants, all 81 people were used to distribute and collect questionnaires and the number of participants in this study was about 12-15 experts from the organization. Data collection has been done until information saturation is reached. A researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect data.
Results: To conduct the interview, the researcher communicated with 12 experts (fear of theoretical saturation) within ten days. By appointment, he had a meeting with each of the experts for about 30 minutes. In these sessions, the researcher has asked two questions in the field of research. The researcher recorded the words of the organizational experts during the interview. The interview was open and in it, the researcher tried to control the interview by asking two questions to achieve the research goal. After obtaining the open codes, in the next step, due to the axial coding, similar and different codes were identified and similar codes were merged. In the combined stage, the identified indicators are presented through a review of the research background and a model derived from the results of interviews with each other, which finally extract the main factors. The results showed that exercise has an effective role in the field of sports and health, disability and social cohesion in the field of health, performing correct movements under the supervision of sports experts and in the field of social cohesion, social development of pupils and students and in the field of lack of standard sports facilities for individuals. The disabled person has the most weight.
Conclusion: The findings of this study show that there is interest in sports and physical education among students, a long history of sports and physical education in schools and universities, the existence of sports at the university level, and the interest of some principals and experts to develop educational sports in schools. And Azad University is the most important strength of educational sports in the country. It should be noted that the most important weaknesses of educational sports are the inadequacy of physical education specialists in schools and universities, weak policy-making and macro-planning for educational sports, lack of effective communication with educational sports centers in the world, and improper and unplanned use of training hours. Physically pointed. About specialized manpower, according to management researchers, specialized and skilled manpower is the most important pillar and factor of development. Today, countries in the process of planning and formulating, and implementing strategies benchmark themselves and using real, self-made, and standard indicators and criteria, compare their country with other countries and their strategic planning based on achieving the desired situation. They are characterized by indicators and criteria, they direct. In Iran, due to the importance of managerial components such as planning, strategy, and managerial attitudes, and by correcting and improving them in the country's sports management, many weaknesses about educational sports in the country can be corrected and can become strengths for this sector. But the fact is that in many indicators of development, especially in the field of the disabled, the use of sports as a factor for social cohesion, livelihood, and economic issues has not performed well, and this is due to the lack of attention of some decision-makers to the basic contribution of physical education in school sports. And not paying enough attention to the fundamental importance of sports and physical education of universities in the national program. Neglect and lack of a detailed program in university and school sports and neglecting it can have disappointing results for sports, because all over the world, school and university sports to find talent and eliminate gender discrimination, creating a suitable environment to help people with disabilities. , Used to spread peace between ethnicities and nationalities. Because it is the basis of championship and professional sports. The limitations of the research are due to factors such as the structure of society, people's moods, political, social norms, and some other factors, and the achievements of this research should be used considering the limitations. And effective internal imposes constraints on the researcher that are uncontrollable. Hence, it can have a significant impact on the conclusion. Among the limitations that the present study faced, the following can be mentioned: Due to the limitations caused by the research tools (interview and questionnaire), this research also has problems such as not having enough time to respond, not providing personal opinions. Due to the lack of trust in the questioners. One of the limitations of the present research is that it is cross-sectional, because the research was conducted at a specific time, its results can not be generalized to all times and can be considered definitive for all conditions. Therefore, longitudinal research is recommended.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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