Volume 29, Issue 4 (7-2022)                   RJMS 2022, 29(4): 67-75 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 162402018
Ethics code: IR.IAU.SARI.REC.1400.132
Clinical trials code: 123656

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Karami M, Yosefi B, Sadeghi Boroujerdi S. Promoting Employee Health Through Organizational Support and Psychological Capital. RJMS 2022; 29 (4) :67-75
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-7090-en.html
Associate Professor, Department of Sports Management, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran , Yosefi_B@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1059 Views)
Background & Aims: The World Health Organization defines health as complete physical, mental, and social health, and not merely the absence of disease. The organization also defines mental health as a state of well-being in which the individual recognizes his or her abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, works productively, and is beneficial to his or her community. Paying attention to the concept of health and well-being as an influential aspect on the individual and social performance of individuals is an approach that is considered by many researchers today. Today, paying attention to the signs of emotional well-being such as happiness and well-being, life satisfaction and lack of negative factors such as anxiety and frustration are factors that should be considered in people's lives. Communication between employees and managers does not only come from money, services and information, but also from personal and emotional resources such as approval, respect and support. The amount of support that the organization shows over time and creates a sense of obligation and compensation in employees, which can increase and increase the efficiency and effectiveness and, in fact, the productivity of the organization. Lack of organizational support for individuals leads to lack of emotional growth and adaptation and objectivity of individuals and as a result, dependence on the organization and proper performance is presented at an undesirable level, which ultimately leads to ineffectiveness and efficiency and development of the organization in today's competitive world. It seems that the study of the variables of employee health promotion, perceived organizational support and attention to psychological capital, while clarifying the situation in the study community, can create valuable information about the ability of employees in the study community to create a Provide us with new insights into the physical education officials and administrators of the country and strategies to increase emotional cohesion and engage more of them with the goals of the organization. Another reason for the importance of this research is that it seems that by conducting such research and obtaining more information, sports managers, like managers of other organizations, by correctly and timely identification of how employees are able to work and organizational support and effective consequences on employee productivity. And be aware of the psychological capital of their employees to take significant steps to achieve organizational goals and increase effectiveness. Employees of sports and youth departments due to their important role in increasing the health and well-being of young people in society. They should always have mental health as well as positive behavior that can inject positive spirit into young people and adolescents, encourage them to engage in sports activities and strive to maintain physical and mental health. Therefore, having a positive social capital in this group of employees is necessary and important. Given this, the need for such research is felt more than ever. On the other hand, many researches related to psychological capital, organizational support and health promotion of employees have been done in different organizations, but no research has been found to investigate the effect of perceived organizational support and psychological capital on health promotion in sports and youth employees. Therefore, the concepts of organizational support, psychological capital and its impact on improving the health of employees are of considerable importance, so that increasing attention to these issues increases the commitment and efficiency of the organization; Therefore, considering the importance of the issue and the necessity of doing it, this study intends to investigate the effect of organizational support and psychological capital on improving the health of employees among employees of sports and youth departments in Kurdistan, Kermanshah, Hamedan and Ilam provinces.
Methods: This research was descriptive-correlational and applied in terms of purpose. The statistical population of the study consisted of all employees of physical education departments in the western provinces of the country (390 people), data were collected from total sampling; After distributing and collecting the questionnaires, 350 questionnaires were analyzed. Goldberg and Hiller (1970) General Health Questionnaire, Eisenberger et al.'s (1986) Perceived Organizational Support Questionnaire (Lutanz's Psychological Capital Questionnaire) (2007) were used to collect data. The combined method with PLS was approved. To determine the normality of the variables, Kolmogorov-Smirnov and to analyze the data, Pearson correlation matrix test and to test the research hypotheses, the technique of partial least squares and factor load were used. GOF, Tenenhaus et al. (2004) were used to examine the fit of the overall model, which controls both parts of the measurement and structural model.
Results: Demographic results show that out of a total of 350 statistical samples included in this study, 208 (59.52%) were male and another 142 (40.48%) were female respondents. Also, 51 people have diplomas (14.62%), 54 people have master's degrees (15.38%), 170 people have bachelors (48.71%), 45 people have master's degrees (12.90%), 30 people have doctorates (8.39%). Findings showed a positive and significant direct effect on the components of psychological capital and its dimensions and perceived organizational support by promoting employee health. The results of regression analysis also showed that psychological capital and perceived organizational support are able to predict the ability to do work.
Conclusion: Perceived organizational support as one of the job resources has a positive relationship with health promotion and can as a positive source improve the ability to do work (health promotion) in employees of sports and youth departments because perceived organizational support, wide changes in employees' attitudes toward their jobs. It plays and as a result has positive organizational behavior consequences. Employees will show more enthusiasm for their job if they feel that their commitment and perseverance towards their job is being taken into account and supported. Finally, from the results of this study, it can be concluded that in the employee community, the use of programs to increase the psychological capital of employees can lead to promoting job motivation and improving their health. It also increases the supportive attitude within organizations and, consequently, the employees' perception of being supported, their ability to do work and their enthusiasmIn general, improving the health of employees is very important for organizations and based on the results, increasing organizational support and psychological capital can provide the basis for improving the level of health in employees, and therefore managers and officials of organizations should plan in this regard.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Sports Medicine

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