Volume 29, Issue 4 (7-2022)                   RJMS 2022, 29(4): 58-66 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 256879
Ethics code: 784532
Clinical trials code: 123654

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Falahati S, Hakakzadeh M, Porranjbar M. Analyzing The Mental Health Challenges of Individuals to Participate in Leisure Sport Activities. RJMS 2022; 29 (4) :58-66
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-7024-en.html
Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran , Hakakzadeh_M@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (926 Views)
Background & Aims: Today, physical education and sports have found their true place in the world and its importance in building the human body and soul has been proven. Exercise is the most effective and important program for enriching leisure time and can be a useful tool to deal with various deviations. New research shows that exercise and physical activity in leisure time, even among people in whom athletes increase self-confidence. The benefits of sports activity have been well documented in recent years. Exercise may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, help with weight management, improve personal mood, and promote physiological health. In the past, researchers and scientists have conducted population-based or experimental studies to reap the health benefits of physical activity. These facts confirm that common physical activity includes a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and colon cancer, strong bones, weight management, increased energy, less anxiety, and a sense of well-being. Exercise and physical activity is a valuable tool that today fills most of the leisure time of millions of people around the world. Leisure time is a good and desirable opportunity to engage in sports. Over the past 15 years, people's knowledge of the benefits of physical exercise has increased, and fitness programs have developed at the community level, and recreational and leisure sports have grown unpredictably. In fact, today the people of the world are motivated to participate in sports activities to gain health, well-being, vitality and avoid diseases. Today, on the other hand, sport has become so widespread that experts call it the "small world in society." According to experts, sport shows the values, structure and driving force of society and reflects social characteristics. However, there is insufficient evidence available on the psychological challenges to improving leisure activities. Given the research gap in this area; Conducting the present study can provide valuable evidence for the development of leisure activities. In other words, the present research can be used to develop scientific evidence; Provide a practical path to participate in leisure sports activities. The development of leisure activities such as exercise can provide conditions for improving the mental health of individuals by improving their physical and mental condition. Due to the lack of comprehensive research on improving the mental health of individuals to participate in leisure sports activities, the process of improving the mental health challenges of individuals to participate in leisure sports activities has encountered major problems. In a way, the research gap on the mental health challenges of people to participate in sports activities in leisure time is clear. This gap has led to a lack of operational strategies to address the mental health challenges of individuals to participate in leisure sports activities. This issue has led to the design and implementation of the present study with the aim of challenging the mental health of individuals to participate in leisure sports activities. Therefore, the main question of the present study is what are the psychological health challenges of individuals to participate in leisure sports activities?
Methods: The present research is based on an applied purpose and is a hybrid method. To solve the problem of psychological health challenges of individuals to participate in sports activities in leisure, a combined approach is used. This approach was performed in the research using a combination of two sets of qualitative and quantitative approaches. The tools of the present study included a semi-structured interview and a researcher-made questionnaire. In the qualitative part of the research, interviews were used to identify the mental health challenges of individuals to participate in leisure sports activities. The output of the qualitative section led to the formation of a researcher-made questionnaire. In other words, the research questionnaire was the output of the qualitative section, which was designed according to the principles of the qualitative section. The questionnaire consisted of 23 questions that examined the mental health challenges of individuals to participate in leisure sports activities. The validity of this questionnaire was examined by reviewing the opinions of academic experts. Also, its reliability after calculating Cronbach's alpha was 0.88.The statistical population of the research in the field of recognizing factors consisted of experts in the field of sports activity and institutionalization, which includes sports management specialists, executives and managers of cultural and sports departments, managers of sports organizations, sociologists familiar with sports, veteran coaches, veterans, people They were familiar with cultural activities in sports (N = 11). The sampling method was purposeful in the first statistical population. These individuals were identified as a research sample due to theoretical saturation. In other words, sampling in the qualitative section continued until new content was added to the information obtained. This caused theoretical saturation in sample number 11. In the second part, compiling and designing the model and testing it, the statistical population of the study consisted of young people throughout Tehran who went from sports activities to leisure activities to sports activities, which due to their unlimited number throughout Tehran and 384 people were considered using Morgan table. In order to analyze the qualitative part, open, axial and selective coding was used. Also, in a small part, descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the research data. In the descriptive statistics section, frequency and percentage were used. Also, in the inferential statistics section, the structural equation method was used. The whole process of data analysis was performed in SPSS and AMOS software.
Results: Ualitative results of the study showed that the mental health challenges of individuals to participate in leisure sports activities included 23 cases. These challenges include not responding to people's tastes, lack of personal support for sports, lack of awareness of sports capabilities, lack of proper quality of life, poor life expectancy, lack of personality fit with sports, lack of perfectionism, irrational beliefs, Inadequate personal styles, poor communication skills, lack of mental stubbornness, low desire to participate in sports, low motivational beliefs about sports, personality disorders, low self-esteem, emotional fatigue, anxiety, lack of environment, lack of environmental attractiveness, lack of environmental attractiveness, Environmental deterrents were in the areas of sports, social phobia, inadequate social support, and inadequate social acceptance. Smirnov clomograph test was used to evaluate the normality of research data. According to the results of these indicators, it was found that the data of the present study had a natural distribution.As the results of the table above show, all the identified challenges have a significant effect on the level of significance with respect to the T level which is higher than 1.96. In general, the mental health challenges of individuals to participate in leisure sports activities were identified in three categories: individual challenge, mental challenge and environmental challenge. Thus, individual challenges include not responding to people's tastes, lack of individual support for sports, lack of awareness of sports capacity, lack of proper quality of life, poor life expectancy, lack of personality fit with sports, lack of perfectionism , Irrational beliefs of individuals, inappropriate individual styles and communication skills were inappropriate. On the other hand, mental challenges included lack of mental stubbornness, low desire to participate in sports, low motivational beliefs about sports, personality disorders, low self-esteem, emotional fatigue and anxiety. Environmental challenges also included environmental incompatibility with individual needs, lack of environmental attractiveness, environmental deterrents in the field of sports, social phobia, inadequate social support and inadequate social acceptance.
Conclusion: In general, the mental health challenges of individuals to participate in leisure sports activities were identified in three categories: individual challenge, mental challenge and environmental challenge. This issue has been mentioned in various researches.Lack of attention to these challenges has caused the process of impact of these challenges in mental, personal and environmental dimensions to be still evident. According to the results of the present study, it is suggested that while paying attention to the existing challenges, conditions be created to improve individual education in order to improve sports skills and create mental capacities among individuals. It is also suggested that by improving the environmental situation, conditions be provided to improve environmental issues in attracting people to leisure sports activities.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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