Volume 28, Issue 3 (5-2021)                   RJMS 2021, 28(3): 185-194 | Back to browse issues page

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Golmohammadi P, Bahrami S, Foroughipour M. The relationship between coaches' self-efficacy and individual creativity of athletes. RJMS 2021; 28 (3) :185-194
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6679-en.html
Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran , bahramishahab@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1857 Views)
Background & Aims: The coach is considered as the strongest factor of socialization in the physical realm. Effective coaches significantly affect athletes' performance, behavior, and motivational and emotional aspects. Research on the conceptual model of coaching effectiveness has also grown exponentially over the years. Effective rye significantly affects athletes' performance, behavior, and motivational and emotional aspects. Given the effective role of coaching effectiveness in advancing the goals of club management and the multiplicity of related factors, researchers seek to identify the variables that are associated with this important factor. One of the cases in which the effect of other variables has been studied in recent research is individual creativity. At the level of championship and professional sports, experience shows that coaches who are technically and coaching efficient have played a more effective role in the success of their teams and in providing better work and player satisfaction. Recognizing the factors affecting the mental and physical condition of athletes in coaching and training sports skills, especially in national level athletes, can be very decisive in their success. For this reason, and considering the importance of the role of coaching behaviors on the psychological processes and performance of athletes, sports psychologists became interested in studying the consequences of different coaching styles. These studies can help increase the effectiveness of coaches, create a suitable sports environment, and improve the performance of athletes. Given that so far few studies have been conducted on the characteristics of effective trainers and their relationship with other variables, especially individual creativity, the present study may be one of the few studies in this field in the country and on the other hand, due to the needs of the institute. Sports clubs to obtain comprehensive information on the employment of effective coaches, the present study aims to study the relationship between the effectiveness of coaches and the individual creativity of the country's zurkhaneh athletes, and in this regard, the main question in this way raises whether the effectiveness of coaches is related to the individual creativity of Zurkhaneh athletes?
Methods: The research method was a descriptive correlation which was performed using structural equations. The statistical population of the research, based on the information obtained through the Federation of Zurkhaneh Sports and Wrestling, is 1573 people, which includes all athletes in all age groups of juniors, teenagers, adults, and veterans in all national championships. In 2019, they competed. Thus, 550 questionnaires were distributed among the statistical sample of the research, of which 396 questionnaires, which were completely completed, were returned by the athletes. In order to collect information, three questionnaires were used as follows.
A personal information questionnaire that measured the variables of age, marital status, level of education, history of sports activity, championship history, and type of team presence.
The coach effectiveness questionnaire has 24 questions and four subscales of motivation (7 questions), the effectiveness of game or competition strategies (7 questions), training and education (6 questions), and development of personality traits (4 questions). The alpha coefficient for all questions is 0.95 and internal consistency for motivation effect subscale is 0.92, game or competition strategies subscale is 0.88, training and education subscale is 0.87 and personality traits development subscale is 0.86 and reliability is Questionnaire was calculated 0.87.
Abedi Individual Creativity Assessment Questionnaire 1984, which had 60 three-choice questions and four subscales, which are: fluidity, expansion, initiative, and flexibility. The higher your score on this questionnaire, the more creative you are. These data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical methods such as elongation test and path analysis (structural equation modeling) using SPSS and lisrel software.
Results: The results showed that the effectiveness of coaches, in general, did not affect athletes' sports creativity. Also, among the components of coaches' effectiveness, only the component of the effectiveness of competition strategies affects athletes' sports creativity, and the three components of competition strategy, training and training, and development of personality traits do not affect athletes' sports creativity.
Conclusion: Based on the results of the research, it is suggested that coaches working in zurkhaneh sports promote the effectiveness of coaches and athletes' creativity by using appropriate decision-making methods, which in this way and considering that in zurkhaneh sports Moral virtues have a high status, they can bring more success. This research, like all researches, had limitations, which are: Answering the questions of the questionnaire depending on the judgment of the subjects, so their tendencies, prejudices, insights, and experiences may have influenced the results of the research. Another limitation of the present study was the problems related to data collection, which may be due to insufficient motivation of the studied samples or low cooperation of their loved ones.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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