Volume 27 -                   RJMS 2020, 27 - : 55-63 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: A-10-5497-1
Ethics code: 1234
Clinical trials code: 1234

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ojaghi A, Saiebani H, Savadi M. The role of individual and interpersonal factors and motivation and productivity in developing a model of human resource empowerment. RJMS 2020; 27 :55-63
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6523-en.html
Islamic Azad Universiy of Qeshm, Qeshm, Iran , hamid.saybani@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1329 Views)
Background & Aims: Empowerment of employees is one of the effective tools on increasing employee productivity and optimal use of capacities
Their individual and group abilities are in line with organizational goals. In today's age of competition, there are successful organizations that use their full human capacity, employee empowerment leads to the emergence of talent and motivation and potential capacity of employees. Management should try to maintain the quality of performance of its employees by providing executive strategies. This means that the principles of any empowerment-based program can lead to productivity and lead to more production, better services, customer acquisition, and ultimately a greater share of domestic and foreign markets, and lead to improved performance and A qualitative view is organized in the organization (1). Empowerment of human resources is one of the most miraculous approaches to human development that leads to the growth of human resources. Empowerment is a constant movement and its importance is always increasing because the basis of development in today's business is to keep pace with social change, technological achievements and the demands of a competitive environment. In general, it can be said that human resources are the most valuable factor of production and
 It is the most important capital and the main source of competitive advantage and creates the basic capabilities of any organization. One of the most effective ways to achieve competitive advantage in the current situation is to make the employees of organizations more efficient. The overall purpose of this study was the role of individual and interpersonal factors and motivation and productivity in developing a model of human resource empowerment.
Methods: His research is applied in terms of purpose. The statistical population of the present study was 5860 people based on the information collected from the staff of sports and youth departments (north, east, west, south, center) of the country and 361 people were randomly selected using Krejcie Morgan method. . In this study, the researcher-made questionnaire and Motivation Questionnaire, Ojaghi in (2010) were used to collect data. To develop the model, a researcher-made questionnaire was prepared that included 69 questions in 5 sections. The first part of the questionnaire included demographic information such as gender, age and degree; The second part of the questionnaire includes individual factors and the third part of the questionnaire includes interpersonal factors. The Likert scale was used in the developed questionnaire and the coefficients 5, 4, 3, 2 and 1 were considered for the options I completely agree, agree, have no opinion, disagree and strongly disagree. Its validity was confirmed by confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis and its reliability was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha and its value was 0.92. Also, Ojaghi Employee Motivation Questionnaire was developed in (2010). The reliability of this questionnaire was estimated 85% and had a validity of 0.86. The questionnaire was distributed to 361 employees of sports and youth departments across the country. According to the objectives of the research and the hypotheses presented, descriptive statistical methods (mean and standard deviation) and statistical methods were used to analyze the data. Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to evaluate the normal distribution of data. In this study, descriptive and inferential statistics including Pearson correlation coefficient and finally SEM Structural Equation Model (SEM) using SPSS22 and AMOS software were used to present a suitable model.
Results: The results showed that the use of individual factors in developing a model of human resource empowerment and the use of interpersonal factors has a significant positive effect on the development of human resource empowerment model and increases the productivity of the organization.
Conclusion: The overall purpose of this study was to investigate the role of individual and interpersonal factors and motivation and productivity in developing a model of human resource empowerment. Findings of the present study showed that the use of individual factors has a significant effect on the development of human resource empowerment model. This finding means that in sports organizations, especially sports and youth departments throughout the country, factors such as motivation and productivity from the perspective of employees is a factor affecting their empowerment. From the perspective of Sharifzadeh et al., Empowerment means providing It is freedom for employees to perform their duties well . Other results of this study showed that the use of interpersonal factors and motivation and productivity in developing a model of human resource empowerment in sports organizations has a significant positive effect. In this study, interpersonal factors included communication, participation and teamwork. This means that from the perspective of the employees participating in this study, the more the managers of sports and youth administrations develop a participatory approach and teamwork in this organization, and in fact involve and involve all employees in current affairs and decision-making, the more Employee empowerment increases. In this regard, Farhangi et al. Defined the content of communication as a product of common meanings among the members of the organization. The content of communication is influenced by the organizational space The results showed that interpersonal factors have a significant positive effect on employee empowerment. Therefore, the findings of the present study are consistent with the research results of Roshandel Arbatani et al., Goodarzi et al., Rad et al., Mir Mohammadi et al. And Miri et al. But it is inconsistent with the findings of the worker and his colleagues. One of the possible reasons for this discrepancy is the difference in the statistical population of the research, because the present study was on the employees of the sports and youth departments of the country, while the worker and colleagues were on the employees of the non-sports organization.
Employee empowerment is important and necessary because utilizing the potential capabilities of human resources is a great advantage for any organization. In individual productivity, the organization uses the set of potential talents and abilities of the individual in order to advance the organization, and by actually unleashing the potential forces and talents, the individual will move in the direction of great potential.
Limitations of research Lack of access and impossibility with all departments of sports and youth of the whole country and lack or lack of available scientific resources, very few and limited scientific resources (at least in Persian) in this field are available that directly to the subject under study and research Was related.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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