Volume 27 -                   RJMS 2020, 27 - : 151-161 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: مقاله مستخرج از رساله دکتری
Ethics code: ندارد
Clinical trials code: ندارد

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Zarbakhsh A, Alam S, Zarghami M. Investigating the indexes of personality, psychological and cultural indicators on teacher empowerment. RJMS 2020; 27 :151-161
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6468-en.html
, college of Humanities, Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (RAH), Shahre-rey Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran , shahramalam@iausr.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1581 Views)
Background & Aims: In the current situation of organizations, empowerment of human capital of organizations is a key and important element that can help the dynamism and prosperity of organizations and create a suitable organizational environment to increase productivity. One of the central aspects of paying attention to human resources of the organization is the concept of empowerment, which is introduced as a category that fits people, tasks, technology, information processes, rewards and organizational structure and ultimately guides the organization to achieve efficiency and effectiveness. Some researchers in this field believe that the presence of capable and committed human resources in any organization while reducing absenteeism, latency, relocation, will significantly increase the performance of the organization, employee vitality, and better manifestation of the organization's lofty goals and achieve individual goals. To achieve its goals, the organization must have capable, creative, knowledgeable, satisfied and motivated employees (3). Due to the importance of empowerment in improving the professional manpower field, organizations strive to empower their employees in order to provide better services and improve the level of competence of their professionals in practice. In fact, efficient human resources are the main indicator of the superiority of one organization over other organizations. Organizational effectiveness is a necessary and fundamental issue for all organizations and institutions (15), which, along with the process of science advancement, empowerment, especially in sports federations; sport activities; Sports coaches and teachers play an important role. Although several studies have been conducted in recent years in the field of evaluation of staff empowerment indicators, but the registered research work on the status of empowerment indicators among physical education teachers in Iran has not been done. And the researches in the field of management indicators of improving the quality of services provided in organizations, show that it is important for them to provide the necessary facilities and equipment in this regard. Environmental change and increasing global competition have placed the issue of employee empowerment in the focus of managers, as it creates the potential capacity to exploit human capabilities. Employees today, on the other hand, have different needs. Salaries, benefits, and safety requirements are no longer the only motivating factors, but the needs of human beings today go beyond that. One of the basic needs of today's employees of organizations is their like-mindedness, participation and consultation in affairs. On the other hand, the increasing growth of change causes the manager to no longer be able to answer all the issues alone. Rather, the entire organization will be responsible in some way, and the pressure will be on all members of the organization, because decisions will be made with the participation of individuals. Therefore, the present study has been designed and implemented to answer the question "What is the status of" personality, psychological and cultural "indicators affecting the empowerment of physical education teachers in Iran?"
Methods: The present study was conducted in terms of data collection, survey and fieldwork. The statistical population includes all teachers and physical education teachers of the Ministry of Education of Iran, who were working in the 97-96 academic year. In the structural equation modeling methodology, the sample size can be determined between 5 and 15 observations for each measured variable: 5Q Results: The study population was 600 people who were selected from 33201 general education teachers in the provinces of the country, 366 (about 61.0%) were men and 234 (about 39.0%) were women. Their mean age was 43.7. 10.8 years and their mean work experience was 39.8. 28.8 years.
The findings showed that six organizational, personal, motivational, socio-cultural, educational-professional and equipment indicators play an important role in explaining the empowerment of physical education teachers.
Conclusion: Among the six indicators studied, the personality trait index was in the first place and was of great importance. This can be a basis for developing appropriate human resource strategies to achieve human resource empowerment. Finally, it is suggested that the directors of the Ministry of Education try to assign responsibilities in the organization according to the spirits and knowledge of individual characteristics of individuals and also according to the individual experience of each person. And also to provide conditions for physical education teachers to perform their assigned tasks in attractive and satisfying environments in order to have the necessary efficiency and effectiveness in carrying out this important matter. Also, by creating the infrastructure of participatory management and delegating authority at the level of management of sports delegations, the process of transforming the current pyramidal and traditional management into participatory and network management should be accelerated and the macro policies of the organization should be clearly provided to coaches. Appropriate reward systems based on human resource productivity in the organization are designed and implemented to improve the recognition and appreciation index. Also, the reasons for the decrease in the sub-indicators of empowerment by increasing the level of education should be evaluated during analytical research.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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