Volume 29, Issue 4 (7-2022)                   RJMS 2022, 29(4): 20-30 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: مقاله مستخرج از رساله دکتری است
Ethics code: IR-IAU.TON.REC.1400.060
Clinical trials code: مقاله مستخرج از رساله دکتری است

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Babazadehpahlevanlo A A, Aslankhani M A, Safania A M, Doroudian A A, Goodarzi M. Identify and Prioritize the Factors Affecting the Development of Knowledge, Mental Health and Applied Skills. RJMS 2022; 29 (4) :20-30
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6461-en.html
PhD, Professor, College of Physical Education Allamehtabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran , aslankhani@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1821 Views)
Background & Aims: One of the main pillars of sports education as well as leadership and leadership of the coaching team. The coach is the center of guidance and development of sports in any society. Coaches' efforts are successful when they have the necessary sports knowledge (1). The position and role of coaches and the effects of their performance and personality traits in sports are very important, so that coaches have a significant role in team development, development of technical skills and social and cultural behaviors of players (2). Another important issue in the present era and in the sports environment is the issue of mental health, which has attracted the attention of many researchers. The goal of mental health is to create mental health by preventing mental illness and creating a healthy environment for proper human relationships. According to the World Health Organization, a person's health does not simply include a state of complete physical health; It also includes the dimensions of mental and social health, the ability to communicate appropriately and in harmony with others, change and modify the individual and social environment, and resolve conflicts and personal desires in a positive, just and appropriate way, which is a necessity of coaching (6). The importance of coaching is so great that various researches have been done about it and contradictory results have been obtained. For example, Zare et al. (2019) in their research emphasized the role of coaches in the development of players' skills in all dimensions, especially the development of psychological skills (8). In general, the role and position of coaches is clear to everyone, but what remains an issue in this direction is how to prepare and promote coaches for this serious responsibility.
Coaching is one of the most complex sports professions and one of the most effective areas that can lead to the development of sports and training of athletes. Therefore, in this regard, it is necessary to have a suitable system to promote knowledge, mental health and job skills so that trainers can use the most appropriate training courses (scientific and practical) to play their role and responsibilities (10) . Therefore, the researcher seeks to identify and prioritize the factors affecting the development of knowledge, mental health and practical skills.
Methods: The present research is quantitative and qualitative in terms of data, applied in terms of purpose, exploratory in terms of field, field data collection in terms of time and time in terms of time period. The statistical population of this research in the qualitative part included sports experts and sports coaching and in the quantitative part were 508 Olympic sports coaches, from which 306 people were randomly selected as a sample. A researcher-made questionnaire prepared by fuzzy Delphi method was used to collect information. The face, content and structure validity of the questionnaire were confirmed by experts in the field of quality, factor analysis and structural equations, respectively. Also, the reliability of the questionnaire in a pilot study on 30 people in the study population and using Cronbach's alpha test in all components was calculated to be more than 0.70. Finally, descriptive statistics, exploratory factor analysis, one-sample t-test and structural equation analysis using SPSS and Expert Choice software were used to analyze the data.
Results: The initial estimate of the share of each variable showed that the values of all of them are equal to one. It was also found that the common variance of all items is more than 0.5. Therefore, all variables (items) will remain in the analysis. According to Table 3, 71 items in the present study can be reduced to 11 factors and from the combination of these 71 items, a new structure can be designed based on the factors with the new combination and the data can be analyzed based on that data. Also, Table 3 showed that the contribution of each factor in explaining the variance of 71 items related to the factors affecting the development of applied knowledge and skills for coaching levels in Iran is different and decreasing.
Finally, according to the results for level 3 coaches, the highest weight was related to individual factors, education, advertising and media. Also, according to the results for level 2 trainers, the highest weight was related to managerial factors, localization of knowledge and knowledge enhancement. And for level 1 educators, the highest weight was related to talent identification and basic factors, localization of knowledge and managerial factors.
Conclsion: Undoubtedly, the growth and development of coaching knowledge in the country on the one hand and its decline and decline on the other hand, is rooted in several factors, which will be difficult to determine the share of each. There is no doubt that the scientific study and identification of the existing problems in this field on the one hand and the efforts of the officials to solve these problems on the other hand will be successful in promoting it as much as possible. However, it should be noted that the research community is made up of experts and qualified trainers in the country and their opinion can really pave the way for success and development of knowledge and practical skills for coaching levels in Iran. Therefore, it seems that paying attention to the opinions of these experts can be one of the best data needed for managers to make decisions regarding the implementation of coaching promotion programs in the country. On the other hand, structural equation modeling also confirms this and shows that the identified factors can be effective in developing knowledge and practical skills for coaching levels in Iran and therefore using the results of this study can further improve the coaching of the field. Various sports in the country was promising.

 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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