Volume 26, Issue 6 (9-2019)                   RJMS 2019, 26(6): 1-12 | Back to browse issues page

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Dastghir S, Karimi J. The relationship between body Image cognitive fusion, body image psychological inflexibility, meaning in life and mindfulness with body dysmorphic disorder in female Students.. RJMS 2019; 26 (6) :1-12
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-5622-en.html
University of Malayer, Malayer, Iran (Corresponding author) j.karimi@malayeru.ac.ir , j.karimi@malayeru.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3951 Views)
Background: Body dysmorphic disorder is one of the most common adolescent disorders, which is defined as preoccupation with imaginary defect or exaggerated distortion of a minor physical defect. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the relationship of body image-related cognitive fusion, body image psychological inflexibility, meaning of life and mindfulness with body dysmorphic disorder in a group of female students in Khoramabad city.
Methods: This is a correlation study and the population comprised of all second-grade female students in Khoramabad city in 2016-17 academic year. Of these, n=364 were selected using random cluster sampling. The data collection instruments were the modified Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale for Body Dysmorphic Disorder, Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire- Body Image (CFQ-BI), Body Image Psychological Inflexibility Scale (BIPIS), Engaged Living Scale (ELS) and Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS). The collected data were analyzed using SPSS-v22.0, Pearson correlation coefficient and multivariate regression analysis using a step-wise method.
Results: The results showed that body image-related cognitive fusion, body image psychological inflexibility, meaning of life and mindfulness were significantly correlated with body dysmorphic disorder in female students (p<0.05). Body image-related cognitive fusion, body image psychological inflexibility, meaning of life and mindfulness played a significant role in anticipating the body dysmorphic disorder in female students. These four variables predicted 85.7% of variation in body dysmorphic disorder.
Conclusion: According to the results, body image-related cognitive fusion, body image psychological inflexibility, meaning of life and mindfulness can predict body dysmorphic disorder. Hence, they need to be considered in the treatment of body dysmorphic disorder.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychiatry

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