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Associate Professor, Department of Management, Amol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Amol, Iran (Corresponding Author) ,
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Man of the third millennium is trying to accelerate the process of development and use of information technology in different parts of the social system, moving away from the traditional model and creating a new model that fits the needs of the information age (Hosni, 2018). Currently, information technology is one of the important factors in the infrastructure of any organization, and the dependence of the organization's core activities on this concept complicates the role of information and communication technology in organizations (Carteli, 2007). Information and communication technology, not as a technique, but as a new attitude and way of thinking about the activities that are traditionally done, has made the fundamental transformation in the structures, processes and management patterns inevitable, which causes a change from the traditional patterns and turning to New organizational patterns have been established. Not only organizational fields but also non-organizational fields such as: the pattern of social and family relations and the change of the concept of family and community, company and country have been transformed by the fourth wave or the digital age (Tabarsa and Sadeghian Karagiye, 2013).
The technological revolution has invaded the world today and is at its peak, so that it includes all fields of knowledge. The digital revolution is the concrete manifestation of this technological leap, and its speed and continuity has been such that it has been called the fourth industrial revolution. The fourth industrial revolution is the fourth major period since the beginning of the industrial revolution. This course is associated with the emergence of new technologies in the fields of robotics, artificial intelligence, blockchain, nanotechnology, quantum processing, biotechnology, self-driving cars, and the Internet of Things. This revolution transforms the production system and management in every industry and every country. In short, linking the digital world to the physical aspect of industries using the ever-increasing capabilities of the Internet of Things and other technologies can be introduced as the fourth industrial revolution (Fafal Mohammad Ali et al., 2018).
Internet environments have created the conditions for human resource activities to be carried out electronically, which has made the organization agile and the support activities of organizations have become thinner. With the introduction of new technologies into organizations, fundamental changes are expected to occur in structures, goals, vision, mission and human resources, skills, laws and organizational environment, etc. (Tolaei, 2016). Many technologies appeared in the market that claim to cover almost all human resource management activities and can be used not only as a supplement but also as a substitute for these activities (Bagherzadeh Houshmand et al., 2017). The field of HRM is entering the smart industry, where the human, digital and advanced technological dimensions seem to be increasingly converging, and HRM must anticipate itself intelligently (Bundarock et al., 2017). The developments that have occurred in the field of digitalization are removing limitations and creating new opportunities that affect the lives of individuals and organizations. Technologies such as mobile devices, cloud computing, social networks, data analytics, smart sensors, and the Internet of Things are certainly powerful and fundamental and will continue to fundamentally reshape customer experience and operations. The world is potentially full of innovators, entrepreneurs, professionals, and elites who increasingly have access to powerful computing technologies at the lowest prices ever, and with their technological know-how they are creating new things that make business and They will change work and eventually the world (Westerman et al., translated by Shami Zanjani and Iran Dost, 2016).
The Internet of Things (IOT) is one of the new technologies that has had a growing trend in recent years, due to this trend, a wide range of potential new products and services in various fields such as smart homes, electronic health, automation, transportation and Transportation and environmental monitoring have been established (Kranenberg et al., 2011). The application of this technology has penetrated almost in every field and practically in all fields of daily life of individuals, companies and societies, and besides personal consumption, it provides the needs of the society well and is currently serving the special needs of the society (Ahmed Khan and Salah, 2018). The use of IOT creates value, reduces computing costs, gains a competitive advantage, and creates a network of soft software for data management (Tolaei, 2016). This technology has made the path necessary for new users easy and provided new ways of working and enabled fast methods of interaction, provides new entertainment and new ways of living and has become a tool for responsiveness, speed, flexibility and It is an important and influential factor in the implementation of different patterns of organizational agility (Lovasani, 2017). Increasing accuracy, efficiency, economic benefits, better quality of life, more efficient use of time and automating daily tasks through remote control and integrating devices increases the use of IOT technology (Tolaei, 2016). This technology has the ability to improve social interaction and meet personal needs. The world is full of smart objects to improve business and life processes, and people's lives have a favorable perspective (Whitmore et al., 2015). Increasing the interactivity of devices and people leads to the reduction of hierarchy and the reduction of formality and concentration of organizations. These changes can be investigated in the dimensions of devices, control and applications (Farajzadeh, 2016). The use of Internet of Things in administrative systems and organizations improves processes and
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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