Volume 29, Issue 8 (11-2022)                   RJMS 2022, 29(8): 278-286 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: این مقاله از رساله دکتری استخراج شده است
Clinical trials code: این مقاله از رساله دکتری استخراج شده است

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Borji A, BZare ahramabadi M, Heidari H, Davoodi H. The Effectiveness of Parental Empowerment Program for Adopted Families on Family Performance Components. RJMS 2022; 29 (8) :278-286
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-7432-en.html
Mahdi Zare Bahramabadi: Associate Professor, Department of Counseling, Allameh Tabatabae'i ,Tehran , Iran , mz.bahramabadi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (771 Views)
Background & Aims: Adopted children usually have a range of experiences of abuse, such as physical abuse and neglect by biological parents before adoption, which negatively affects their adjustment. Most adopted children have the experience of living in an institution that is associated with a variety of alternative problems. In this regard, tips for informing families and society about this phenomenon and creating appropriate conditions to help decision-making families who are willing to do so are important and effective issues in improving the situation of adopted children and families. It is child-friendly and another important issue is to help reduce the problems and challenges after adoption and adoption. Because each family has a unique emotional state and atmosphere and their management method and type of operations are different from each other. Therefore, family performance is one of the most important factors that play an effective role in successful adoption. Family performance is one of the important indicators and guarantees the quality of life and mental health of the family and its members, and their negative relationships are considered one of the most important factors in creating and maintaining mental and emotional disorders. Therefore, finding a way to improve family functioning can be fruitful, and in the meantime, parental empowerment is one of the factors that can lead to good family functioning. When parents have the necessary abilities to adopt and raise a child, they can help improve their family functioning and ultimately communicate effectively with the adopted child. Empowerment is essential to create the right connection and this lasting and needed trust and to prevent wasting time and manpower. Empowerment leads to changes in parents' attitudes, behaviors, and behaviors, and these changes are a good platform for improving the situation of families. Because the parents' view of the situation and conditions and behavior of their children is different and he finds more and better awareness of them, and he also changes their attitude and behavior towards this awareness, and in contrast, children who behave calmly and firmly in At the same time, they observe the parents decisively and seriously and take action to change themselves, because if they do not change their behavior, they will see that the consequence will only be felt by themselves. Therefore, if immediate action is not taken today to empower parents and children (especially adolescents), irreparable damage will be done to the family body, then the importance of this empowerment process will become clear. In this regard, the researcher seeks to answer the question of whether the empowerment program for parents of adopted families has an impact on family performance components.
Methods: The present study is an applied and quasi-experimental study that was conducted with a pretest-posttest design with a control group. For this purpose and to conduct this research, among all families with adopted children in Tehran Welfare in 1399, 30 parents with adopted children who were eligible to enter the study were selected as a sample by the available sampling method and randomly divided into two control groups. With an average age of 46.87 90 5.90 and experiments with a mean age of 44.60 6 6.23. Then, all subjects completed the Family Performance Questionnaire by Nathan B. Epstein et al. (1983). Then, the subjects in the experimental group received 8 sessions of parental empowerment training. Finally, the findings were analyzed using descriptive statistics (tables and graphs) and inferential statistics including Shapirovilk and multivariate covariance (MANCOVA) tests using SPSSV19 software.
Results: Before the analysis of covariance, the assumptions of this test were examined and the results showed that all the assumptions of this test were observed. The results of the multivariate analysis of covariance showed a significant difference in family performance scores of the two groups (P = 0.018, F =3.53, Pilay effect = 0.626). The results indicate that there is a significant difference between the experimental and control groups in the family performance variable. In order to determine this difference, univariate analysis of covariance was used and the results showed that a significant difference was observed between the groups in all components of family functioning. Also, by observing the averages of family performance components, it can be acknowledged that the parental empowerment program of families with adopted children was effective in family performance.
Conclusion: The purpose of this study was to the effectiveness of parental empowerment programs for adopted families on family performance components. The results of this study showed that the parental empowerment program has made a significant difference between all groups on all components of family functioning. Therefore, the parental empowerment program of families with adopted children was effective on family performance, in other words, the experimental group received higher scores on family performance after receiving parental empowerment intervention. In justifying the results of this study, it can be said that family performance is one of the important indicators and guarantees the quality of life and mental health of the family and its members, and their negative relationships as one of the most important factors causing and maintaining mental disorders and People's emotions are raised. Family functioning is an important aspect of the family environment that affects the physical, social, and emotional health of children. What happens within the family and how it works can be a key factor in creating flexibility and reducing current and future risks associated with unfortunate events and unfavorable conditions. Enabling and nurturing environments enable children to learn and develop. Conversely, poor family environments can be very detrimental to many aspects of children's development and their positive transition to adulthood. Therefore, empowering parents to improve family performance is one of the methods used today. When parents take action to empower themselves, they are instilled with the fact that they are a helpful and effective factor in improving family functioning, more interested in participation, and more supportive. Therefore, by empowering parents with adopted children, it is possible to help these families improve their performance so that they can show better performance with their adopted children. Having said that, and considering parental empowerment and recognizing it as one of the most important and influential factors that individuals can experience and also as an effective and interfering factor in the quality of family functions, parents can Acquire knowledge in the field of empowerment and transmitting it to their children, while having a positive effect on their growth and personality, improve the performance of family and children.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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