Volume 28, Issue 6 (9-2021)                   RJMS 2021, 28(6): 83-89 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: IR.IAU.KERMAN.REC.1398.009
Ethics code: IR.IAU.KERMAN.REC.1398.009
Clinical trials code: IR.IAU.KERMAN.REC.1398.009

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Ziaaddini A, Ghahreman tabrizi K, Sharifian S. The effect of family, exercise and psychological characteristics on sports ethics. RJMS 2021; 28 (6) :83-89
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6819-en.html
ShahidBahonar University , kourosh3795@uk.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1642 Views)
Background & Aims: Morality is the sum of temperaments. This technique can be explored in behavior, any activity and action that the living thing performs and involves overt and covert physical activities, physiological, emotional and mental activity, refers to the concept of sports behavior (4). In this regard, Ehsani (2012) has presented principles for behavior. This action is possible through the development of ethical codes (regulations), which can be the basis for encouraging the athlete in cases of moral behavior or legal action in cases of violation (5). A code is a statement that contains policies, principles, and regulations that guide behavior. Fortunately, the intensity of writing regulations has been increasing in the country, so that the sciences of nursing, medicine, counseling, etc. have all benefited from it. In sports science, we can refer to various researches such as Poursoltani et al. Regarding the ethics of faculty members (6). But the question is, what factors influence the drafting of a code of ethics? In this regard, various researches have been done, including Poursoltani et al. (2013) in the field of education and training, the indicators of group activity, honesty, conscientiousness, professional behavior, commitment and financial responsibility (8). It seems that one of the issues related to the development of a code of ethics is the psychological characteristics that have attracted the attention of many researchers. According to the World Health Organization, the health of individuals does not simply include a state of complete physical health; It also includes the dimensions of mental and social health, the ability to communicate appropriately and in harmony with others, change and modify the individual and social environment, and resolve conflicts and personal desires in a positive, just and appropriate way, which is a necessity of coaching (9). On the other hand, although various environments including competition environment, training environment and family environment have been reported for training and examining ethics and mental health in coaching, but because athletes spend most of their training and training time under the supervision of coaches, the environment Training and practice are considered important (2), although conflicting results have been reported.
Therefore, the researcher seeks to answer the question of whether family, exercise and psychological characteristics affect the moral system in sports or not?
Methods: The present study is a descriptive study that was conducted in the field using a questionnaire. To conduct this research, 20 people familiar with the research subject (activists in the field of sports ethics, university professors, actors in the development of culture and sports ethics) were selected as a sample by snowball method. Then, a researcher-made questionnaire including 30 questions in the form of three components of family, practice and psychological characteristics was distributed and collected among the sample. Finally, descriptive statistics, Kalmogorov-Smirnov test were used to examine the natural distribution of data and a one-sample t-test was used to analyze the data.
Results: The results of the present study showed that family (p = 0.001), exercise (p = 0.004) and psychological characteristics (p = 0.034) have a significant effect on the development of ethics in sports ( Table 1).
Conclusion: The results showed that the family has an effect on the development of ethics in sports. Regarding the family environment and the ethical code in the field of sports and coaching, no research was found from the perspective of a researcher, which may indicate that this component is exploratory in the research. In general, sports coaches should be aware of the interaction between work and family, the coach should be able to lead the family and work environment and in his work path to act according to the standard conditions of the rules and make self-sacrifice and forgiveness his priority (15).
Another finding showed that training and training environment have an effect on the development of ethical rules in sports. The practice and training environment for basic educators has a great effect on the development of moral themes, and educators must act according to the standards of the training and education set and adhere to its frameworks (21).
In the present study, it was found that psychological characteristics have a significant effect on the development of ethics in sports. Given the definition of ethics on the one hand and the relationship between ethics and psychological characteristics on the other hand, the findings of the present study seem logical.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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