Volume 28, Issue 11 (1-2022)                   RJMS 2022, 28(11): 74-82 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 950330106
Ethics code: 1
Clinical trials code: 1

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Shabani A, esmaeli M, Haji Tabar Firooz Jaei H, Javanmard E. Sosiological Analysis Of Terrorism. RJMS 2022; 28 (11) :74-82
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6714-en.html
PhD Student, Criminal Law and Criminology, Ayatollah Amoli Branch, Islamic Azad University, Amol, Iran , Shabaniakbar643@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1014 Views)
Background & Aims: Today, the effects of terrorist activities are so severe that they can be passed from generation to generation and involve many groups and individuals (3). Tendency to terrorism as an important and key indicator plays a key role in the presence of individuals in these groups (3). Tendency to terrorism refers to the attitudes, mentality and behaviors of individuals regarding terrorist activities and the degree of interest of individuals to be attracted to terrorist groups as well as activities in this field (5).
Various issues are involved in the formation of the tendency towards terrorism, including individual, psychological, social and cultural issues (2). Psychological aspects as a key factor can overshadow the behaviors and attitudes of individuals in the field of terrorism. Mental health has been considered as one of the key activities in international policies. In a way, advancing mental health goals as a general concern has caused governments to spend a lot of money to improve it (7). Improving indicators related to mental health has been considered as one of the key indicators in the evaluations of countries and extensive efforts have been made in this regard (8).
Understanding mental health functions in the field of tourism can help improve planning in this area. However, the lack of sufficient evidence to examine the role of mental health in the tendency to terrorism has led to a lack of appropriate policy to reduce the tendency to terrorism. This issue, while creating a research vacuum in this field, has caused fundamental ambiguities to be formed. On the other hand, the lack of research on the role of mental health on the tendency to terrorism has led to the lack of key solutions in this regard. With this in mind, the present study aimed to investigate the role of mental health on the tendency to terrorism, tried to answer the question whether mental health has a significant effect on the tendency to terrorism?
Methods: To conduct the present descriptive and applied research that was conducted in the field. Among the experts and professors aware of the research topic, 34 people were selected as a research sample. After obtaining the necessary permits, a researcher-made questionnaire with 14 questions and dimensions of mental health (8 questions) and the tendency to terrorism (6 questions) were distributed among them. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire were also confirmed. Finally, 24 questionnaires were analyzed using structural equation method and SPSS software version 20 and PLS version 3.
Results: The results showed that mental health has a significant effect on the tendency to terrorism. It was also found that mental health will reduce the tendency to terrorism among individuals. Finally, the research model had a good fit.
Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that mental health has a significant effect on the tendency to terrorism. It was also found that mental health will reduce the tendency to terrorism among individuals. Therefore, efforts to improve mental health can provide a basis for reducing the tendency to terrorism. Borman and Savon (2018) identified that today psychological aspects can play an important and key role in the formation of war and terrorist activities. It seems that mental health can create a sense of altruism among people by influencing people's attitudes and behaviors, and this issue provides a basis for reducing the tendency to terrorism (3).
Although war and terrorism cause psychological problems, but improving mental health can reduce the amount of terrorist activities and also overshadow the psychological effects left by it. According to the results of the present study, it is suggested that general courses to improve Mental health was created in the community and by creating public evaluation plans, sufficient knowledge of the mental health of individuals and different groups of the community was taken in order to create appropriate programs.
Perhaps the findings of the present study can be explained on the basis of Merton's theory of social pressure. Merton sees the continuing rift between patterns of cultural goals and institutionalized norms or ways as destabilizing society, which is in fact "anomie." (18).
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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