Volume 28, Issue 5 (8-2021)                   RJMS 2021, 28(5): 29-37 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 1-6-m
Ethics code: 6-m
Clinical trials code: 1-4-m-1

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Ebrahimi N, Mehrabian A, Didehkhani H. Investigating the factors affecting supply chain compliance with psychological and health issues. RJMS 2021; 28 (5) :29-37
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6608-en.html
Aliabad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katoul, Iran , Mehrabianahmad99@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1481 Views)
Background & Aims: Nowadays, improving health has been considered as a concern in all areas (6). In order to improve people's health, it is necessary to pay serious attention to the psychological aspects. Psychological issues can provide the basis for improving people's health by influencing people's mental and physical conditions as well as influencing people's attitudes (7). However, improving health status has not been considered as an important issue in all societies and countries. In other words, although positive achievements in the field of health have been made in some countries, but this issue still needs serious planning in some environments and countries (10).
One of the most important issues in the field of supply chain is the improvement of psychological status and health. Supply chain is identified as one of the most important and key activities in corporate activities. In recent years, the emergence of new technologies and major changes in global markets, has made supply chain management more necessary, so that various organizations to create and maintain their competitive position, inevitably use supply chain management. Be (13). However, in a few studies, there has been a brief reference to the functions of the supply chain in influencing environmental issues and improving people's health. This has led to the compliance of the supply chain with the health and psychological characteristics of the environment as an important principle. However, research shows that there is no comprehensive research to improve the supply chain situation in addressing issues related to the psychological and health status of individuals. Therefore, in the present study, the researcher seeks to answer the question that what are the factors affecting the supply chain alignment with psychological and health issues?
Methods: For descriptive, applied and survey research, 162 people were selected from the senior managers of dairy companies according to Morgan's sample size table by available sampling method. After distributing and collecting the researcher-made questionnaire including 25 questions and 4 factors of knowledge (7 questions), managerial (8 questions), financial (4 questions) and technical (6 questions) whose face validity and structure were confirmed 131 questionnaires were used using structural equation method. The whole process of data analysis in the present SPSS and PLS software was analyzed.
Results: In the present study, according to the level of t-relationships, it was found that all factors had a significant presence in the research model, among which managerial factors have a greater impact than other factors to improve supply chain compliance with psychological and health issues. Also, considering that the desired value of GOF index is higher than 0.36, it can be said that the value of this index is in a favorable position in the existing factors. Finally, it was found that the research model has a good fit in all indicators.
Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that in order to improve the alignment of the supply chain with psychological and health issues, various factors including managerial, technical, knowledge and financial factors are effective. Findings of Erickson and Jordano (2020) are consistent with the results of the present study. It seems that the lack of attention to policies and key dimensions to improve supply chain compliance with psychological and health issues has led to no practical activities to improve supply chain compliance with psychological and health issues. Undoubtedly, this issue, while affecting operational issues in this regard, has caused practical activities not to be implemented. On the other hand, the lack of serious efforts in this regard has caused the need to improve the alignment of the supply chain with psychological and health issues needed different activities in various dimensions, including financial, managerial, knowledge and technical issues.
Another finding showed that among the identified factors, management factors are more important, which is consistent with the findings of Wendisch et al. (2011) (15). It seems that managerial factors such as creating psychological and health standards and creating monitoring systems in the field of supply chain, creating a competitive environment to improve supply chain response to the field of psychological and health, establishing coordination between the supply chain with health officials, law enforcement Transformers from improving psychological and health issues in the field of supply chain and citizenship behaviors to improve the performance of supply chain performance in the field of psychological and health to influence to create a primary platform in the field of supply chain to meet health and psychological needs play an important role in chain alignment Provides with psychological and health issues.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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