Volume 28, Issue 4 (7-2021)                   RJMS 2021, 28(4): 75-83 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 1-7
Ethics code: 8
Clinical trials code: 1-8-ر

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Hesami M, Samiee R, Azma F, Mostaghimi M R. Investigating the effect of psychological factors and organizational intelligence on people's competence. RJMS 2021; 28 (4) :75-83
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6479-en.html
Aliabad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katoul, Iran , roohalla.samiee@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1719 Views)
Background & Aims: People's competence has been identified as one of the most important issues today. In a way, a public effort has been made to improve the competence of individuals (2). Individual competence makes people have good self-awareness and have a good knowledge of themselves in the first step. This is done through the role of individual competence in managing emotions as well as knowing the environment (7). Personal competence also improves people's management while enabling them to have more appropriate discipline. On the other hand, competence causes the improvement of motivational processes among individuals and they have appropriate capacities to improve and expand their performance due to having the desired motivational status (8). Individual competence plays an important role in people's success in work and life by distinguishing them from each other. This issue has caused individual competence as a key and important variable to always be considered by researchers. In an effort to improve individual competence has led to the identification of various variables in this area (9). Attention to psychological issues as well as organizational intelligence has caused it to be mentioned as key variables in the formation of desirable capacities in people.
Psychological aspects have always been identified as one of the most important and influential issues due to the capacities it has created in the individual and attitude domains (10). Psychological factors, by affecting the general nature of individuals, cause their mental, attitudinal and behavioral status to be severely affected, and this overshadows the process of improving individuals' skills and abilities (11). Psychological factors as important components of individual issues play an important role in people's success. Psychological factors cause people to have good mental health, have the ability to make decisions and have the best behaviors in accordance with the situation in critical situations (12). This is due to the important and key capacities of psychological aspects in the formation of environmental awareness in individuals and through it the mastery of different situations.
Organizational intelligence is one of the components that managers and employees must have in order to gain organizational knowledge by gaining deep knowledge of all environmental factors (15). Organizational intelligence functions have caused it to be mentioned as an important and influential variable among individuals (16).
Given the importance of people's competence, it is necessary to consider the variables that improve this issue. The research gap on the impact of psychological factors and organizational intelligence on the competence of individuals has led to the formation of fundamental ambiguities about improving the competence of individuals, as well as operational strategies to improve the competence of individuals. Therefore, the researcher seeks to answer the question of whether psychological factors and organizational intelligence affect people's competence.
Methods: The present research is a descriptive-survey research and from the purpose perspective, it is one of the applied researches that was conducted in the field. The statistical population of the present study consisted of managers of power distribution companies in the northern provinces of the country (124 people) who were selected as a sample based on Morgan table and a simple random number of 94 people. The research instruments include 3 questionnaires of researcher-made psychological factors (including 22 questions and five components of perception, motivation, learning, attitude and mental health), Karl Albrecht 2002 Organizational Intelligence Questionnaire (including 49 questions and seven components of strategic vision, shared destiny, desire to Change, unity and agreement, morale, application of knowledge and performance pressure) and the Good Behavior Competence Questionnaire 2011 (including 12 questions and three components of self-awareness, self-management and self-motivation) which are scored based on a five-point Likert scale. The validity and reliability of the questionnaires were also evaluated as desirable in the present study. Finally, Kalmogorov-Smirnov test and structural equations using PLS software version 3 and SPSS software version 20 were used to analyze the data.
Results: The results of the present study showed that psychological factors have an effect on the competence of individuals by 0.491. It was also found that organizational intelligence has an effect on individual competence of 0.366. Selected indicators were used to evaluate the fit of the research model. The results showed that psychological factors, organizational intelligence and competence of individuals are in good condition (criteria higher than 0.7). On the other hand, it was found that the second root of the mean values of the extracted variance of each structure is greater than the correlation values of that structure with other structures (Table 1).
On the other hand, considering that the desired value of the GOF index is higher than 0.36, it can be said that the value of this index is in a favorable position in the individual competency variable. According to the results of the model fit index, it was found that the research model has a good fit in all indicators (Table 2).
Conclusion: The results showed that organizational intelligence has an effect of 0.366 on people's competence. In other words, focusing on organizational intelligence and psychological factors including perception, motivation, learning, attitude and mental health can provide the basis for improving people's competence. This issue has been mentioned in various researches. It seems that organizational intelligence can help make faster decisions by fully evaluating the information and past actions and examining the selected solutions of the organization. Organizational intelligence due to strategic vision, common destiny, and desire for change, unity and agreement, morale, application of knowledge and performance pressure causes people to have desirable skills and capacities in their areas of performance, and this raises the level. It becomes the merit of individuals. In other words, organizational intelligence creates potential capacities among people that can lead to increased competence among them.
It also seems that psychological factors by improving the attitude and behavior of people and also improving the mental health of people cause people to have a good mental and psychological state. In other words, psychological factors create desirable capacities in individuals to improve individual status and improve individual skills, which leads to improved individual competence. With this in mind, it can be said that the potentials of psychological factors and its positive effects on the abilities of individuals have caused it to affect the level of competence of individuals. According to the results of the present study, it can be suggested that by holding training courses to improve the organizational intelligence of individuals, while improving the organizational intelligence of individuals to improve their competence. According to the results of the present study, it is suggested that in order to improve the morale of individuals in order to achieve success, they should improve their mental abilities in order to improve competence. According to the results of the present study, it is suggested that screening people in terms of mental health and identifying people with mental health problems, while improving people's mental health to improve their competence.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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