Volume 27, Issue 12 (3-2021)                   RJMS 2021, 27(12): 78-89 | Back to browse issues page

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Asare Dezfuli M, Alam S, Zarghami M. Development of health with the use of exercise with a combination of design approaches and ISM modeling. RJMS 2021; 27 (12) :78-89
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6320-en.html
, Department of physical Education, College of Humanities, Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini(RAH), Shahre-rey Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran , shahramalam@iausr.ac.i
Abstract:   (1544 Views)
Background & Aims: Exercise is one of the factors that can be used to moderate the physical, mental, psychological and social pressures caused by life in the turbulent and stressful world of today's life. Research has shown that people who exercise regularly are less likely to suffer from cardiovascular disease, suffer less stress and have more self-confidence, are also more optimistic about life, and they are less likely to suffer from depression. Undoubtedly, recognizing the interests and motivations of the society, can be a good guide in studying the strategies to attract them as much as possible in sports and health activities and therefore in the field of health issues and problems of society and sports and physical education as an important software. The aim of the present study was to investigate the needs and accurate analysis of current challenges and problems and to orient the development of community health along with sports to provide a native model of health development with the use of sports in the country. Exercise as a multidimensional tool has a wide range of effects in various fields. Cross-sectional research has shown that regular exercise can improve health and improve the quality of life in healthy and sick people. Given that the development of public sports in society is of particular importance due to the breadth and diversity of programs related to public and recreational sports activities in the current context. Many sports organizations in the country have developed strategic planning so that they can set standards to facilitate control while determining the direction of reducing the impact of change, minimizing waste and damage. The purpose of this study is to develop health with the use exercise with a combination of design approaches and ISM modeling.
Methods: The research method was a two-step exploratory combination of instrument making. In the qualitative section, using targeted sampling method and theoretical saturation technique), 12 experts in the field of sports and health (to identify the model of health development with the use of sports were selected and interviewed with them). The tool used to identify the factors of the model development of health through the use of exercise, semi-structured interviews) with focus groups (and the study of documents. To ensure the validity and reliability of the study, the method of evaluation of Lincoln and Guba was used to conduct this research with a comprehensive study and also according to experts, eight factors that explain the development of health with the use of exercise were identified D. Then, using the interpretive structural modeling technique and using the questionnaire tool, the factors were grouped into five groups. According to the results, factors such as health promotion and healthy lifestyle, promotion and promotion of sports culture, the importance and impact of public sports and increasing the participation of individuals, are less effective in relation to health development with the use of sports. Also, in a small part, the research method was descriptive-survey. The statistical population studied is all faculty members of the faculties of medical sciences and physical education. The instrument used in the quantitative section was the researcher-made scale based on the qualitative section. For the study of formal validity, ten professors of sports management were used and for the content validity of the questionnaire questions, the carcass model was used (cvr = 0.88) and the content validity was confirmed. Cronbach's alpha was also confirmed. Descriptive statistics and structural-equation modeling were used to analyze the fit of the research model to analyze the data.
Results: According to descriptive and functional results such as health promotion and healthy lifestyle, promoting and promoting sports culture, the importance and impact of public sports and increasing people's participation, are less effective in communicating on the subject of health development with exercise. The results of the quantitative section also showed that the amount of T corresponding to each factor had a significant effect and all the framework of the health development model was approved using exercise. The results also showed that the research model has a good fit.
Conclusion: Based on the results of the present study, it can be said that public sports is an important strategic program for health promotion and for health and human resource productivity in the personnel of Iran Oil Company, strategic and targeted programs are needed to achieve the following goals and objectives.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Exercise Physiology

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