Volume 29, Issue 11 (1-2023)                   RJMS 2023, 29(11): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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mousavi M, hajiaraghi N. Investigating the effect of breastfeeding in drug-dependent mothers on neonatal abstinence syndrome: A review study. RJMS 2023; 29 (11)
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6266-en.html
گروه پرستاری , smmousavi@khuisf.ac.ir
Abstract:   (163 Views)
Aim and background: In the last decade, drug use in pregnancy, followed by the birth of infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), and care costs has increased. Today, non-pharmacological methods, such as breastfeeding, are being emphasized to reduce the symptoms of NAS. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of breastfeeding in drug-dependent mothers (opioids) on neonatal abstinence syndrome.
Research Method: This is a review study, by searching in Google Scholar, Science Direct, Pub Med, Medline, SID, Magi ran, and the keywords "Breastfeeding", "opioids", "neonatal abstinence syndrome", "Maternal drug abuse", and, during the years 2010-2020. Finally, 24 studies were selected, and the data were evaluated and analyzed.
Results: The rate of breastfeeding in drug-dependent mothers was very low, while breastfeeding in opioid-dependent mothers, or under-treated mothers with these drugs, was considered safe. Breastfeeding reduces the duration and severity of NAS symptoms, the length of hospital stay, medication need, care costs, sudden death syndrome, and increase the emotional bond between mother and baby, and the coping of the mother with the NAS disorder.
Discussion and Conclusion: Due to the effect of breastfeeding in opioid-dependent mothers or under-treatment mothers with these drugs in reducing the symptoms of NAS, it is recommended to the health care provider to emphasize on breastfeeding importance in these mothers, as a safe, inexpensive and effective way, by barriers identifying and removing and psychological support. However, due to limited studies in Iran, more extensive research is needed.
Type of Study: review article | Subject: Pediatric Nursing

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