Volume 27, Issue 5 (7-2020)                   RJMS 2020, 27(5): 153-164 | Back to browse issues page

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Mirzaie joladi M, Basharpoor S, Narimani M. Prediction of the Quality of Life in bereaved people Based on Spiritual Intelligence: The Mediating Role of Resilience. RJMS 2020; 27 (5) :153-164
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-5932-en.html
Mohaghegh Ardabili University , marjanmirzaie90@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2274 Views)
Background: Human beings face various events in their lives from birth to death, and these events challenge their lives, and each in turn affects people's lives. One of these events that has a lasting effect on people due to permanent loss is the loss of loved ones, which is referred to as bereavement. Death is an undeniable phenomenon, human beings face the death of their loved ones during their lifetime, which causes them to grieve due to the loss of loved ones in their lives. Bereavement has harmful effects on people and affects all different levels and aspects of life and consequently the quality of life. When a person faces the loss of a loved one, the correct passage of this crisis affects his well-being and quality of life. Appropriate endurance conditions and proper management of behavior and the use of appropriate strategies and methods to deal with loss are related to various factors and how to deal with these conditions in the later stages of life will have a great impact and not going through the process of endurance, well-being and It affects the mental health and quality of life of people in general. Spiritual intelligence can curb the negative effects of Bereavement on quality of life and help people get through these difficult situations. In addition, having a personal resilience can act as a protective factor against the negative effects of Bereavement and on quality. Involve the lives of bereaved people. Therefore, identifying the factors that improve the quality of life in bereavement conditions is very important to maintain the health and well-being of individuals. Therefore, the present study was conducted with the aim of predicting the quality of life of bereaved people based on spiritual intelligence with respect to the mediating role of resilience.
Methods: The present study was a descriptive-correlational study. The statistical population of this study included bereaved people in Qazvin who passed 1-6 months after the death of their loved ones. The sampling method in this study was that 109 people from the statistical population of the study were selected to participate in the study using cluster random sampling method and the tools used in the study including Connor-Davidson Resilience Questionnaire, King Spiritual Intelligence Questionnaire and The World Health Organization quality of life questionnaire was answered. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics methods including frequency and central tendency indices and dispersion of variables and inferential statistics (path analysis model).
Results: The results of the present study showed that the component of critical existential thinking, the component of developing the state of consciousness and the component of transcendent consciousness could directly and meaningfully predict the quality of life, but the component of personal meaning could not directly predict the quality of life. The resilience variable was able to directly and meaningfully predict the quality of life. Predict the quality of life. The set of predictor variables in model 55/30 explained the variance in quality of life.
Conclusion: Using the results of the study, which showed that the components of spiritual intelligence could predict the quality of life of bereaved people, it can be stated that attention to spiritual intelligence and efforts to strengthen it in people and the need to pay attention to its importance when faced with Challenges and crises and life events and its training can help improve the quality of life of bereaved people by increasing their resilience. On the other hand, considering the mediating role of resilience in predicting the quality of life of bereaved people based on spiritual intelligence and that increasing resilience leads to the use of coping strategies in stressful life conditions and increases the quality of life and causes when people with They face various problems, crises and challenges during their lives. They react appropriately and manage difficult situations better and can behave properly in any situation to be safe from the negative consequences of crises and situations such as burnout. Therefore, by providing appropriate solutions such as the implementation of effective educational programs and psychological counseling to increase resilience and quality of life of bereaved people can improve and improve the quality of life of these people to the effects and problems that burnout has on the quality of life. By reducing these problems and complications, it helped to improve the level of mental health and quality of life of the bereaved people, and thus, by increasing the quality of life of the bereaved people, it prevented many problems caused by bereavement and improved the quality of life of the people.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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