Volume 26, Issue 3 (5-2019)                   RJMS 2019, 26(3): 67-78 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

rahimi S, Hajloo N, basharpoor S. The prediction model of psychological well-being students based on the Personality traits with the mediation of mindfulness. RJMS. 2019; 26 (3) :67-78
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-5556-en.html
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran , hajloo53@uma.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2810 Views)
Background: Psychological well-being is considered as one of the important factors in the development of personal and social development in research literature, and is influenced by various factors such as the personality characteristics and mindfulness. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychological well-being students and personality characteristics considering the mediating role of mindfulness in the form of a causal model.
Methods: This is a descriptive correlational research. Statistical population of this research is the Mohaghegh Ardebil University students, among whom 440 were selected by multistage cluster sampling. For data collection, questionnaire of Ryff’s psychological well-being scale (1989), Neo's personality questionnaires (1985) and Braun and Ryan's mindfulness (2003) were used. Data were analyzed through SPSS v. 24 and Amose v. 20 using Pearson correlation and path analysis.
Results: The results showed that the indirect path coefficients among the extroversion personality characteristics (p =011, β= 0.31), conscientiousness (p =047, β= 0.22), openness (p =028, β= 0.11) and neuroticism (p =000, β= -0.19), with psychological well-being are significant. The proposed model also had a good fit (GFI= 0.92, AGFI= 0.91, CFI = 0.94, RMSEA = 0.07, X2/df = 2/61) and the results supported the mediating role of mindfulness in the relationship between the personality traits and psychological well-being of the students.
Conclusion: The findings indicated that the personality traits are directly related with the intermediary of the mindfulness with psychological well-being. Therefore, in order to increase psychological well-being in students, intervention in the personality traits and mindfulness can be important.

Full-Text [PDF 1077 kb]   (929 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Educational Health

References
2. 1. Monajem A, Sadat Ebrahimi M. ]The Relationship between Meta-cognitive Beliefs and Mindfulness and Acceptance and Practice with General Health of Students[. J Police Med; 2017. 6 (1):24-31. (Persian)
3. 2. Sanjuán P, Ruiz Á, Pérez A. Life satisfaction and positive adjustment as predictors of emotional distress in men with coronary heart disease. J Happi Stud; 2011. 12(6) 1035-1047.
4. 3. Lee MY, Park SS. Influence of Family Strength on the Psychological Well-Being of Adults-Focusing on Mediation Effect of Social Capital. Ind J Sci Technol; 2016. 9(26).
5. 4. Ryff CD, Keyes CLM. The structure of psychological well-being revisited. J Person Soc Psychol; 1995. 69(4): 719.
6. 5. Daraei M. Social correlates of psychological well-being among undergraduate students in Mysore City. Soc Indicat Res; 2013. 114(2): 567-590.
7. 6. Vázquez C, Hervás G, Rahona JJ, Gómez D. Psychological well-being and health. Contributions of positive psychology. Ann Clin Health Psychol; 2009. 5:15-27.
8. 7. Homan KJ. Self-compassion and psychological well-being in older adults. Jo Adult Develop; 2016. 23(2):111-119.
9. 8. Momeni KH, Hossini H, Akbari M, Karami S. ]The role of personality traits and resiliency in prediction of nurses' psychological well-being[. J Behav Sci; 2014. 7(4):307-313. (Persian)
10. 9. Salami SO. Personality and psychological well-being of adolescents: the moderating role of
11. emotional intelligence. Soc Behav Person; 2011.39(6):785-794.
12. 10. Grant S, Langan-Fox J, Anglim J. The big five traits as predictors of subjective and psychological well-being. Psychol Rep; 2009. 105(1): 205-231.
13. 11. Temane QM, Wissing MP. The role of personality factors in the dynamics of context and psychological well-being. J Psychol Africa; 2008. 18(1) 105-114.
14. 12. Le Corff Y, Toupin J. Comparing persistent juvenile delinquents and normative peers with the Five-Factor Model of Personality. J Res Person; 2009. 43(6) 1105-1108.
15. 13. Sobol-Kwapinska M. Calm down—It's only neuroticism. Time perspectives as moderators and mediators of the relationship between neuroticism and well-being. Person Individ Differ; 2016. 94: 64-71.
16. 14. Augusto Landa JM, Martos MP, Lopez-Zafra E. Emotional intelligence and personality traits as predictors of psychological well-being in Spanish undergraduates. Soc Behav Person; 2010. 38(6): 783-793.
17. 15. Dastjerdi R, Farzad V, Kadivar P. ]The role of five big personality factors in predicting psychological well-being[. J Birjand Univ Med Sci 2011. 18 (2);126-133. (Persian)
18. 16. Heydarian Z, khazai S, Meerbek Z , Hashemi Nosrat Abadi T. ]Mental awareness and psychological well-being in students[. Contempor Psychol; 2015. 10 (Special Letter): 518-520. (persian)
19. 17. Ahmadvand Z, Heidarinasab L, Shoeiri M.[ Explaining psychological well-being based on the components of mind-consciousness[. Quart J Psychol Health Psychol; 2013. 1(2); 60-69. (Persian)
20. 18. Walsh JJ, Balint MG, Smolira SJ DR, Fredericksen LK, Madsen S. Predicting individual differences in mindfulness: The role of trait anxiety, attachment anxiety and attentional control. Person Individ Differ; 2009. 46(2): 94-99.
21. 19. Kabat‐Zinn J. Mindfulness‐based interventions in context: past, present, and future. Clin Psychol: Sci Pract; 2003. 10(2): 144-156.
22. 20. Hollis-Walker L, Colosimo K. Mindfulness, self-compassion, and happiness in non-meditators: A theoretical and empirical examination. Personal Individ Differ; 2011. 50(2): 222-227.
23. 21. Wenzel M, von Versen C, Hirschmüller S, Kubiak T. Curb your neuroticism–Mindfulness mediates the link between neuroticism and subjective well-being. Person Individ Differ; 2015. 80: 68-75.
24. 22. De Vibe M, Solhaug I, Rosenvinge JH, Tyssen R, Hanley A, Garland E. Six-year positive effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on mindfulness, coping and well-being in medical and psychology students; Results from a randomized controlled trial. Plos One; 2018. 13(4): e0196053.
25. 23. Carmody J, Baer RA. Relationships between mindfulness practice and levels of mindfulness, medical and psychological symptoms and well-being in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program. J Behav Med; 2008. 31(1): 23-33.
26. 24. Alipoor S, Zeqeibi Ghannad S. ]Investigation of the Relationship of Mindfulness with Psychological Well-being: The Role of Strategic Engagement Regulation and Self-Esteem[. Positive Psychol; 2017. 3(2); 1-18. (Persian)
27. 25. Nell W. Mindfulness and psychological well-being among black South African university students and their relatives. J Psychol Africa; 2016. 26(6): 485-490.
28. 26. Jayatilake P. Mindfulness: a path towards psychological well-being. J Clin Psychiat Cog Psychol; 2017. 1(1): 3-4.
29. 27. Iani L, Lauriola M, Cafaro V, Didonna F. Dimensions of mindfulness and their relations with psychological well-being and neuroticism. Mindfulness; 2017. 8(3): 664-676.
30. 28. Lee KH, Bowen S. Relation Between Personality Traits and Mindfulness Following Mindfulness-Based Training: A Study of Incarcerated Individuals with Drug Abuse Disorders in Taiwan. Int J Ment Health Addict; 2015. 13(3): 413-421.
31. 29. Latzman RD, Masuda A. Examining mindfulness and psychological inflexibility within the framework of Big Five personality. Person Individ Differ; 2013. 55(2): 129-134.
32. 30. Giluk LT. Mindfulness, Big Five personality, and affect: A meta-analysis. Person Individ Differ; 2009. 47(4): 805–811.
33. 31. Mazaheri M, Zabihzadeh A, malekzadeh L. ]The Role of the Big Five Personality Factors in Mindfulness[. Res Cog Behav Sci; 2014. 4(1); 103-114. (Persian)
34. 32. Sajjadi MS, Mousavi-Nasab M. ]The Role of Big Five Personality Factors in Predicting Mindfulness and Subjective Well-being: Direct and Indirect Effects[. RPH; 2014. 8 (3): 1-10. (Persian)
35. 33. McCrae RR, Costa PT. Updating Norman's" adequacy taxonomy": Intelligence and personality dimensions in natural language and in questionnaires. J Person Soc Psychol; 1985 49(3): 710.
36. 34. Grossifarshi M, Mahriyar A, ghazi Tabatabai M. ]Application of New Neo Personality Test (NEO) and Analysis of Characteristics and Its Structural Factors among Students of Iranian Universities.[ J humanitles Alzahra Uni; 2001. 11(39): 173-198. (Persian)
37. 35. Saravani Sh, Mirzahosseini H, Zargham Hajebi M. ]Explaining the structural model of interactive relationships of Keller motivational dimensions with personality characteristics of medical students of Iran University of Medical Sciences[. Razi J Med Sci; 2018. 25(8):1-11. (Persian)
38. 36. Brown KW, Ryan RM. The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. J Person Soc Psychol; 2003. 84(4): 822.
39. 37. Ryan RM, Brown KW. Why we don't need self-esteem: On fundamental needs, contingent love, and mindfulness. Psychol Inquir; 2003. 14(1): 71-76.
40. 38. Ghorbani N, Watson P, Weathington BL. Mindfulness in Iran and the United States: Cross-cultural structural complexity and parallel relationships with psychological adjustment. Curr Psychol; 2009. 28(4): 211.
41. 39. Ryff CD, Singer B. Psychological well-being: Meaning, measurement, and implications for psychotherapy research. Psychother Psychosomat; 1996. 65(1): 14-23.
42. 40. Saghebi Saeeidi K, Abolghasemi A, Akbari B. ]The role of sense of coherence, alexithymia and self-compassion in predicting psychological well-being in girl with primary dysmenorrhea[. Razi J Med Sci; 2018. 25(8): 33-42. (Persian)
43. 41. Myers DG, Diener E. Who is happy? Psychol Sci; 1995. 6(1): 10-19.
44. 42. Haren EG, Mitchell CW. Relationships between the Five-Factor Personality Model and coping styles. Psychol Edu: Interdisciplin J; 2003. 40 (1): 38-49.
45. 43. Shapiro SL, Carlson LE, Astin JA, Freedman, B. Mechanisms of mindfulness. J Clin Psychol; 2006. 62(3): 373-386.
46. 44. Garcia D. Two models of personality and well-being among adolescents. Person Individ Differ; 2011. 50(8): 1208-1212.
47. 45. Ryan RM, Deci EL. On happiness and human potentials: A review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Ann Rev Psychol; 2001. 52(1): 141-166.
48. 46. Thompson BL, Waltz J. Everyday mindfulness and mindfulness meditation: Overlapping constructs or not? Person Individ Differ; 2007. 43: 1875–1885.
49. 47. Costa Jr PT, McCrae RR. Four ways five factors are basic. Person Individ Differ; 1992. 13(6): 653-665.
50. 48. Shapiro SL, Carlson LE, Astin JA, Freedman, B. Mechanisms of mindfulness. J Clin Psychol; 2006. 62(3): 373-386.
51. 48. Mantzios M, Egan H. Mindfulness Training May Enhance the Psychological Well-Being of People with Cystic Fibrosis. Mindfulness; 2016. 7(3): 781-784.
52. 49. Barrick MR, Mount MK, Judge TA. Personality and performance at the beginning of the new millennium: What do we know and where do we go next? Int J Select Assess; 2001. 9(5): 9–30.
53. 50. Stroud CB, Durbin CE, Saigal SD, Knobloch-Fedders LM. Normal and abnormal personality traits are associated with marital satisfaction for both men and women: An actor–partner interdependence model analysis. J Res Person; 2010. 44(4): 466-477.
54. 51. Letzring TD, Noftle EE. Predicting relationship quality from self-verification of broad personality traits among romantic couples. J Res Person; 2010. 44(3): 353-362.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Razi Journal of Medical Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb