Volume 26, Issue 3 (5-2019)                   RJMS 2019, 26(3): 88-97 | Back to browse issues page

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Aminimoghaddam S, Abolghasem N, Maghsoudnia A. upper genital tract infection : A review. RJMS 2019; 26 (3) :88-97
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-5454-en.html
Department of Gynecology Oncology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , aminimoghaddam.s@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4910 Views)
Upper genital tract infection causes inflammation in multiple organs such as endometrium, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and pelvic peritoneum. This type of disease is caused due to infection with cervical pathogens, such as Neisseria gonorrhea, Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma genitalium, bacterial vaginosis pathogens, and respiratory pathogens. The pathogens which involve the respiratory system and cervix are streptococci type A and enteric pathogens. The primary goal of this study is reviewing reasons for having cervicitis and upper genital tract infection by discussing the appropriate treatments. Pelvic Inflammatory disease is one of the major topics of this field which needs a review since it engenders multiple disorders such as chronic pelvic pain, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy. Moreover, even by performing a treatment, there is a good chance of seeing sequela and scar in the fallopian tube in such patients. It should be noted that although recent progress in detecting/treatment of the infection during the early stages, infertility caused by PID is a major concern for health system. Additionally, subclinical PID remains poorly controlled, which needs more attention. In developing country Prevention programs, such as chlamydia screening or vaccination, should be developed to mitigate the infection problems.
 
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Type of Study: review article | Subject: Gynecology

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