Volume 25, Issue 8 (Oct-Nov 2018)                   RJMS 2018, 25(8): 33-42 | Back to browse issues page

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saghebi saeedi K, abolghasemi A, akbari B. The role of sense of coherence, alexithymia and self-compassion in predicting psychological well-being in girl students with primary dysmenorrhea. RJMS 2018; 25 (8) :33-42
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-5221-en.html
University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran , abolghasemi_44@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2988 Views)
Background: Premenstrual syndrome is one of the most common disorders of reproductive ages that puts lives of women and girls at significant risk, but there is a little information available about psychological and personality factors related to primary dysmenorrhea. The aim of this research is to determine the role of sense of coherence, alexithymia and self-compassion with self in predicting psychological well-being.
Methods: This descriptive research is correlation type. Statistical population of this research is the all girl students with primary dysmenorrhea who are studying in district one high-schools of Rasht in 1395-96. Research sample included 211 girl students with primary dysmenorrhea which were identified among 542 students. Screening questionnaire of premenstrual syndrome (PSST), Antonovsky’s sense of coherence scale(SOC), self-compassion scale(SCS-SF), Alexithymia Torento’s scale (TAS- Torento) and Ryff’s psychological well-being scale (RSPWB- Ryff), analyzed using were used for collecting data. Data were discriminant analysis through SPSS v.16. Multiple regression analysis was used for analyzing data.
Results: The results indicated that sense of coherence (Beta=0.474) and self-compassion (Beta=0.226) are significant predictors for psychological well-being (p=0.001), while alexithymia didn’t predict girls’ psychological well-being.
Conclusion: These findings indicate the role of sense of coherence and self-compassion in preventing psychological effects of this syndrome. Therefore, with psychological training the self-compassion and the creation of a stronger sense of coherence in girls with this syndrome can increase the psychological well-being of these girls.
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