Volume 26, Issue 1 (4-2019)                   RJMS 2019, 26(1): 23-31 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

etemadi S, rouhi S, mesbahi M, fahimi M. The relation between type D personality and its dimensions distress (dass) heart disease coronary artery bypass. RJMS 2019; 26 (1) :23-31
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-4804-en.html
Tehran University, Tehran, Iran , etemadi.soraya@ut.acir
Abstract:   (4828 Views)

Background: Many studies have shown the role of psychological and behavioral risk factors in the etiology and physiopathology of cardiovascular disorders. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between depression and stress and anxiety with personality type D in patients with cardiovascular disease.
Methods: A descriptive correlational study was performed on patients with coronary artery bypass referred to a rehabilitation center in Tehran Heart Center. About 378 pateints were selected using convienience sampling. The used tools were Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS21), and de Denollet Personality Type scale 2005 (DS-14).
Results: The results showed that there is a significant positive relationship between personality type D (negative affect, prevent emotional) level of emotional distress (stress, anxiety, depression).
Conclusion: Psychological factors have an effect on the severity of coronary heart disease in type D personality. Hence, it is necessary to care about psychological factors (negative affect and emotional inhibition) of coronary heart disease patients during their the process of treatment treatment.

Full-Text [PDF 1153 kb]   (1324 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

1. 1. Leonardi M, Raggi A, Pagani M, Carella F, Soliveri P, Albanese A; et al. Relationships between disability, quality of life and prevalence of nonmotor symptoms in Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson Relat Disord; 2012 Jan 1.18(1):35-9.
2. 2. Hashemi H, Hajimiri A. Concurrent multiband low-noise amplifiers-theory, design, and applications. IEEE Transac Microwave Theory Techniq; 2002 Jan.50(1):288-301.
3. 3. Kazemy T, Sharifzadeh G. Ten-year changes in mortality and risk factors in acute myocardial infarction in Birjand (1994-2003). Horiz Med Sci; 2004 Oct 15.10(3):38-42.
4. 4. Antony MM, Bieling PJ, Cox BJ, Enns MW, Swinson RP. Psychometric properties of the 42-item and 21-item versions of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales in clinical groups and a community sample. Psychol Assess; 1998 Jun.10(2):176.
5. 5. SAA Kaviani H, Dehghan M, Mansoornia MA, Khoramshahi M, Dadpey AR, Chahardehi A; et al. Prevalence of Anxiety Disorder in Tehran. J Psychiatry Clinl Psychol; 2017 8(3). [Persian]
6. 6. Barzin M, Mirmiran P, Afghan M, Azizi F. Distribution of 10-year risk for coronary heart disease and eligibility for therapeutic approaches among Tehranian adults. Public Health; 2011 Jun 1.125(6):338-44.
7. 7. Janszky I, Ahnve S, Lundberg I, Hemmingsson T. Early-onset depression, anxiety, and risk of subsequent coronary heart disease: 37-year follow-up of 49,321 young Swedish men. J Am College Cardiol; 2010 Jun 29.56(1):31-7.
8. 8. Denollet J, Conraads VM. Type D personality and vulnerability to adverse outcomes in heart disease. Clevel Clin J Med; 2011 Aug 1.78(1):S13.
9. 9. Denollet J. Personality and coronary heart disease: the type-D scale-16 (DS16). Ann Behav Med; 1998 Sep 1.20(3):209-15.
10. 10. Grossarth-Maticek R, Eysenck HJ. Personality, stress and disease: description and validation of a new inventory. Psychol Reports; 1990 Apr.66(2):355-73.
11. 11. Cheng YY, Kuo CH, Hsieh WL, Lee SD, Lee WJ, Chen LK, et al. Anxiety, depression and quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic dizziness. Arch Gerontol Geriatr; 2012 Jan 1.54(1):131-5.
12. 12. Pelle AJ, Denollet J, Zwisler AD, Pedersen SS. Overlap and distinctiveness of psychological risk factors in patients with ischemic heart disease and chronic heart failure: are we there yet? J Affect Disord; 2009 Feb 1.113(1-2):150-6.
13. 13. Denollet J. Personality and coronary heart disease: the type-D scale-16 (DS16). Ann Behav Med; 1998 Sep 1.20(3):209-15.
14. 14. Lovibond PF, Lovibond SH. The structure of negative emotional states: Comparison of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) with the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories. Behav Res Ther; 1995 Mar 1;33(3):335-43.
15. 15. Crawford JR, Henry JD. The Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS): Normative data and latent structure in a large non‐clinical sample. Br J Clin Psychol; 2003 Jun.42(2):111-31.
16. 16. Pereira MG, Figueiredo AP, Fincham FD. Anxiety, depression, traumatic stress and quality of life in colorectal cancer after different treatments: a study with Portuguese patients and their partners. Eur J Oncol Nurs; 2012 Jul 1.16(3):227-32.
17. 17. Dickens C, McGowan L, Percival C, Tomenson B, Cotter L, Heagerty A; et al. Depression is a risk factor for mortality after myocardial infarction: fact or artifact? J Am College Cardiol; 2007 May 8.49(18):1834-40.
18. 18. Denollet J, De Jonge P, Kuyper A, Schene AH, Van Melle JP, Ormel J; et al. Depression and Type D personality represent different forms of distress in the Myocardial INfarction and Depression–Intervention Trial (MIND-IT). Psychol Med; 2009 May.39(5):749-56.
19. 19. Williams L, O'Connor RC, Howard S, Hughes BM, Johnston DW, Hay JL, et al. Type-D personality mechanisms of effect: the role of health-related behavior and social support. J Psychosomat Res; 2008 Jan 1.64(1):63-9.
20. 20.Shafiee Z, Babae S, Nazari A. The effect of massage therapy on depression, stress and anxiety after surgery in patients undergoing coronary artery
21. bypass graft surgery. Iran J Surg; 2017.21. [Persian]
22. 21.Jamshidi N, Abbaszade A, Najafikoliani M. Stress, anxiety and depression in patients before coronary angiography. Zahedan J Res Med Sci; 2011.13(10):21. [Persian]
23. 22. Stewart M, Davidson K, Meade D, Hirth A, Makrides L. Myocardial infarction: survivors’ and spouses’ stress, coping, and support. J Advanc Nurs; 2000 Jun.31(6):1351-60.
24. 23. Holmes SD, Krantz DS, Rogers H, Gottdiener J, Contrada RJ. Mental stress and coronary artery disease: a multidisciplinary guide. Progress Cardiovasc Dis; 2006 Sep 1.49(2):106-22.
25. 24. DiGiacomo M, Davidson PM, Vanderpluym A, Snell R, Worrall-Carter L. Depression, anxiety and stress in women following acute coronary syndrome: implications for secondary prevention. Australian Critic Care; 2007 May 1.20(2):69-76.
26. 25. Hata M, Sezai A, Niino T, Yoda M, Unosawa S, Furukawa N, et al. Should emergency surgical intervention be performed for an octogenarian with type A acute aortic dissection? J Thoracic Cardiovasc Surg; 2008 May 1.135(5):1042-6.
27. 26. Sirois BC, Burg MM. Negative emotion and coronary heart disease: A review. Behav modificat; 2003 Jan.27(1):83-102.
28. 27. Young E, Eddleston J, Ingleby S, Streets J, McJanet L, Wang M, et al. Returning home after intensive care: a comparison of symptoms of anxiety and depression in ICU and elective cardiac surgery patients and their relatives. Intens Care Med; 2005 Jan 1.31(1):86-91.
29. 28.Bayazi MH, Rastegari Y. Relationship between type 2 behavior, hardiness, and stress with coronary heart disease. Psychol Res; 2005.(1-2):40-58. [Persian]
30. 29. Williams L, O'Connor RC, Howard S, Hughes BM, Johnston DW, Hay JL, et al. Type-D personality mechanisms of effect: the role of health-related behavior and social support. J Psychosomat Res; 2008 Jan 1;64(1):63-9.
31. 30. van den Broek KC, Martens EJ, Nyklíček I, van der Voort PH, Pedersen SS. Increased emotional distress in type-D cardiac patients without a partner. J Psychosomat Res; 2007 Jul 1.63(1):41-9.
32. 31. Denollet J, Holmes RV, Vrints CJ, Conraads VM. Unfavorable outcome of heart transplantation in recipients with type D personality. J Heart Lung Transplant; 2007 Feb 1.26(2):152-8.
33. 32. Albert NM, Gillinov AM, Lytle BW, Feng J, Cwynar R, Blackstone EH. A randomized trial of massage therapy after heart surgery. Heart & Lung: J Acute Critic Care; 2009 Nov 1.38(6):480-90.
34. 33. Chida Y, Steptoe A. The association of anger and hostility with future coronary heart disease: a meta-analytic review of prospective evidence. J Am College Cardiol; 2009 Mar 17.53(11):936-46.
35. 34. Sirois BC, Burg MM. Negative emotion and coronary heart disease: A review. Behav Modificat; 2003 Jan.27(1):83-102.
36. 35. Chikani V, Reding D, Gunderson P, McCarty CA. Wisconsin rural women’s health study psychological factors and blood cholesterol level: Difference between normal and overweight rural women. Clin Med Res; 2004 Feb 1.2(1):47-53.
37. 36. Lin ZC, Effken JA, Li YJ, Kuo CH. Designing a tailored Web-based educational mammography program. Comput Inform Nurs; 2011 Jan 1.29(1):16-23.
38. 37. Seldenrijk A, Hamer M, Lahiri A, Penninx BW, Steptoe A. Psychological distress, cortisol stress response and subclinical coronary calcification. Psychoneuroendocrinology; 2012 Jan 1.37(1):48-55.
39. 38. Prasertsri N, Holden J, Keefe FJ, Wilkie DJ. Repressive coping style: Relationships with depression, pain, and pain coping strategies in lung cancer out patients. Lung Cancer; 2011 Feb 1.71(2):235-40.
40. 39. Kelly RH, Russo J, Katon W. Somatic complaints among pregnant women cared for in obstetrics: normal pregnancy or depressive and anxiety symptom amplification revisited? 1. General Hosp Psychiatry; 2001 May 1.23(3):107-13.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Razi Journal of Medical Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb