Volume 21, Issue 127 (1-2015)                   RJMS 2015, 21(127): 82-94 | Back to browse issues page

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Mehraban Z, Alizadeh L, Amirmozafari N. Etiology of pelvic inflammatory disease . RJMS 2015; 21 (127) :82-94
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-3483-en.html
Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran
Abstract:   (5689 Views)

Background: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is one of the most common infections between women during reproductive age which is associated with major long-term complication, including tubal factor infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain. In addition, treatment of acute PID and its sequelae impose health care costs. Prevention of these long-term complications is dependent on clinicians having a high level of recognition in order to make an early diagnosis and improvement of treatment strategies based on knowledge of the microbiologic etiology of acute PID.


Methods: This is a systematic review of more than 2580 papers about the etiology of pelvic inflammatory disease, which had been published until 2012.


Results: In most cases, PID is a polymicrobial infection and of sexually transmitted organisms Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis were most prevalent. Recently Mycoplasma genitalia are known as a cause of acute PID. Treatment regimen for acute PID should be covered a wide variety of drugs against these microorganisms.


Conclusion: Determining risk factors and patients’ clinical symptoms play a vital role in diagnosis, treatment and prevention of PID, leading a decrease in disability rate and side effects of PID.

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Type of Study: review article | Subject: Gynecology

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