Research code: مقاله مستخرج از رساله دکتری است
Ethics code: متعهد مي شويم تا قبل از چاپ مقاله كد اخلاق درج گردد
Clinical trials code: مقاله مستخرج از رساله دکتری است

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Islamic Azad University , farhad_kahraz@ped.usb.ac.ir
Abstract:   (375 Views)
Extended Abstract
1.Introduction
Violence is a behavior that ranges from humiliation, threats, obscenities, beatings, destruction of property, and murder. In addition to cross-sectional and short-term effects, violent behavior has long-term physical and psychological effects on both killers and victims (3, 4). Murder is considered as one of the forms of violence or aggression and as one of the social harms. Endangers (5).
One of the factors that seems to be related to violence and the nature of murder is the family. Because the family is the most fundamental element of any society and certainly the most important social institution. Because before and more than other social institutions such as the government and educational and cultural institutions, it plays a role in shaping the personality of individuals and transmitting the values ​​and norms of society (9). However, the relationship between family functioning and homicidal violence is still unclear. And as mentioned, researchers believe that various factors are involved in the field of murder. Also, studies have shown that the factors affecting violence and violence leading to murder in Iranshahr city (due to increasing Mortality from violence) Research has not been conducted in universities and research centers. Therefore, the researcher seeks to answer the question whether there is a relationship between family performance, social support and socio-economic status with violence leading to murder in Iranshahr city?
2.Methods
The present research is descriptive-survey and applied. For the present study, he selected 40 available men from Iranshahr prison due to violence and murder. Then the Performance Assessment Questionnaire (FAD) has six components of problem solving, communication, maps, emotional companionship, emotional intercourse, behavior control and overall performance, Perceived Social Support Questionnaire (MSPSS) with 3 components of social support by family, support Socially received by friends and social support received by others and the Socio-Economic Status Questionnaire of Power (2013) with 4 components of income, economic class, education and housing status were distributed and collected among the subjects. Finally, descriptive statistics, Kalmogorov-Smirnov test and Pearson correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data.
3.Results
The results of data analysis showed that between family functioning and its components (problem solving, communication, maps, emotional companionship, emotional education, behavior control and overall performance), social support and its components (social support There is a significant negative relationship between family, social support of friends, social support of others) and socioeconomic status with violence and its components (physical violence, verbal violence, hostility and hostility) (Tables 1-3).
4.Discussion
In the present study, it was found that there is a significant negative relationship between family functioning and its components with violence and its components. Violence is a phenomenon that undermines and sometimes destroys healthy family relationships. Violence causes loss of affection and emotional companionship between people and the person feels lonely and sometimes may suffer from depression and mental disorders due to more attention of other family members to another person such as a personchr('39')s brother or sister and as a result of He behaves violently. It is also possible that due to family problems, some plans in the family change. This may be the reason for the findings of the present study.
Regarding the negative relationship between social support and its components with violence and its components, it can be said that anger is a social phenomenon that affects all human relationships. Also, considering the psychological background of anger, it seems that any factor that has a negative effect on peoplechr('39')s mental state can cause anger. For example, it seems that the lack of support from family and friends causes He becomes frustrated and feels he has no place in society, which may lead to violence. The above may be the reason for the findings of the present study (13).
In the present study, it was found that there is a significant relationship between socio-economic status. Increasing economic costs and weakening the socio-economic status of the family can create stressful conditions and people are in an unfavorable psychological state due to lack of access to the necessary resources, and as a result in these conditions are affected by the pressure of failure. They exhibit violent behavior, which may be the reason for the present study (12).
Ethical Considerations
Compliance with ethical guidelines
All ethical principles were considered in this article. In order to observe the ethical points in the truth, the researcher undertook to keep all the information in the questionnaire confidential. It also provides the results of the research to the respondents.
Funding
This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for profit sectors.
Conflicts of interest
The authors declared no conflict of interest
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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