Volume 28, Issue 1 (3-2021)                   RJMS 2021, 28(1): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: ندارد
Ethics code: مقاله مروری است
Clinical trials code: مقاله مروری است

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Mousavi Fakhr S M H, Keavanloo F. The relationship between religiosity and students' mental health: A systematic review and meta-analysis. RJMS. 2021; 28 (1)
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6656-en.html
Velayat University , suojan1359@gmail.com
Abstract:   (117 Views)
Introduction & Objective: Psychologists have long been interested in the role that religion plays in the interpretation of and response to life events and how this manifests itself in everyday psychological adjustment. One of the most important issues of any country is to promote the health of its people that which should be considered psychologically. The main task of mental health is to ensure the mental health of people in society. Despite rapid advances in solving human physical problems, medical science has not yet taken an effective step towards solving human psychological problems. However, mental health problems also play an important role in causing physical illnesses. Modern man, despite having advanced facilities and enjoying the benefits of technology, has suffered from captivity in the face of mental and psychological problems and has not felt peace and is in search of this lost truth. On the other hand, patients and the resulting anxiety further threaten the mental health and well-being of human beings and in addition to mental problems, it also has many effects on the human body and reduces the bodychr(chr('39')39chr('39'))s immunity and delays the patientchr(chr('39')39chr('39'))s recovery process. It is the purpose of this current study to address this discrepancy and attempt an explanation as to why such divergent results exist. It is the position taken by the authors that the contradictory findings obtained by researchers are due to their operationalizations of religiosity and of mental health. Religion is a multifaceted construct and it is possible that different aspects of religiosity are differentially related to mental health. Further analyses are performed examining the impact of various definitions of mental health. The possibility that religiosity and mental health definitions interact, producing a pattern in which different aspects of religiosity demonstrate different relationships with different definitions of psychological adjustment, is examined. The purpose of this study was to systematically and meta-analyze the role of religiosity on studentschr(chr('39')39chr('39')) mental health.
Research Method: This research is a systematic review and meta-analysis. Articles in Persian were searched in the Persian in the databases of Irandoc, SID, noormags, civilica, elmnet, without time limit until December 2020 with keywords related to "religiosity", "religion", "mental health". After searching the databases, all the identified articles were first entered into Endnote software and duplicate articles were removed. After removing duplicates, all titles and abstracts were reviewed to find articles related to the research topic.  Inclusion criteria included research that was a measure of the relationship between religiosity and studentschr(chr('39')39chr('39')) mental health. The present study in several stages based on the systematic reporting system of systematic studies and meta-analysis (PRISMA) paid to accurately determine the problem under study, collect, analyze and interpret the findings. The results related to the role of religiosity in studentschr(chr('39')39chr('39')) mental health were extracted in studies that were found to be relevant. The correlation coefficient and sample size were used for statistical calculations.
Results: Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 16 articles from 203 studies were comprehensively reviewed. According to 16 studies, a meta-analysis was performed by providing accurate and quantitative information on the relationship between religiosity and studentschr(chr('39')39chr('39')) mental health. The results of meta-analysis and accumulation diagram have shown that there is a significant relationship between religiosity and mental health in these studies (CI= 0.066 to 0.33) and (I2= 90/50, P = 0/000).
Conclusion: In general, based on the meta-analysis, it can be said that the effect of religion and religious beliefs approved on studentschr(chr('39')39chr('39')) mental health. Studies have shown that peace of mind can be achieved with good beliefs, good deeds and morals and the believer becomes a lively and cheerful human being who is always striving. Religiosity is one of the important psychological structures related to mental health; and using it in health planning will be helpful for parents. This means that strengthening the various dimensions of religiosity in students leads to health promotion. Therefore, according to the results, it can be said that the officials of the cultural and educational sector of the country, with proper planning and paying attention to the relationship between different components of religiosity and mental health, train young people who are lively and cheerful and are always striving for their community. In every cultural, social and economic field, they try to be the best according to their abilities. Of course, this research only includes studies published in Persian, samples of which were also from inside Iran.
Type of Study: review article | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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