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Tonekabon branch,Islamic Azad University , simin_arab@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (198 Views)
The emergence of the coronavirus and the development of acute respiratory syndrome posed a significant challenge to health care systems around the world. The rapid transmission and severity of infectivity and even its transmissibility in the asymptomatic stage led the World Health Organization to declare a global epidemic on March 12, 2020.Changes in peoplechr('39')s daily lives following the Corona epidemic have led to " Self-Isolation", "social distancing" and " Self-Quarantine" to prevent the transmission of infection, maintain health and dealing with the disease. Most people have similar conditions in terms of "Unknown" with these situations and this can create psychological, social and even health challenges. In general, various studies have shown a strong relationship between psychological issues and the occurrence of physical symptoms in this disease, and the need for public access to a rapid diagnostic test and the reduction of psychological effects is very important. Rapid transmission, lack of definitive drug treatment of the disease, and the risk of global epidemics continue to highlight the need for social distance. However, in studies of social distancing, feelings of abandonment and neglect, and in "quarantine", negative psychological effects such as post-traumatic stress, confusion, anger, and tension (due to lack of face-to-face communication and traditional interaction, changing work schedules, and Teleworking at home), has been reported. At the same time, perceived social support has been shown to be inversely related to anxiety, depression, insomnia, and loneliness during quarantine. Advertising and training such as the correct use of face masks, despite issues such as scarcity or high cost and the gradual disappearance of inferiority or concern of some people about lack of access to health facilities, is very important. Quarantine plays a key role in controlling the pandemic of coronavirus disease. Although people around the world have witnessed social discrimination during the COVID-19 epidemic, governments around the world need to gain public trust and ensure good mental health and prevent Psychological reflections such as Panic caused by the inability to purchase and supply health care, make various and transparent efforts to ensure peoplechr('39')s financial security and the availability of health services and facilities.
  The efforts of health policymakers and caregivers to reduce the panic caused by the lack of access to health care facilities and interventions can reassure individuals participating in various types of isolation and increase their perceived social support. All three methods of preventing the outbreak of Quid 19 disease with increasing the duration of the epidemic, have common and special psychological issues that play an important role in maintaining and promoting community health and require planning in international, national, regional and even at the neighborhood level and on social media. Increasing perceived social support will help relieve and encourage people to get through the epidemic healthier. This requires short-term, medium-term and long-term awareness and planning, especially If there is a possibility of new mutations in the virus.
     
Type of Study: Letter to the editor | Subject: Public Health

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