Volume 27, Issue 12 (2-2021)                   RJMS 2021, 27(12): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Rahimi S, Hami M, Shojaei V, Shsjie R. The Effect of Individual and Organizational Motivation Factors on the Tenure of the Chairman of the Provincial Sports Boards and the Relationship with the Health of Athletes. RJMS. 2021; 27 (12)
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6445-en.html
Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Sari Branch, Sari, Iran , mohammadhami@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (90 Views)
Introduction: In a society where there is a problem of a sedentary lifestyle, overweight and related diseases, air pollution also exacerbates these conditions. One of the institutions that can be effective in this field along with the relevant organizations with its comprehensive and purposeful programs in improving the health of people in the community and sports enthusiasts is the sports boards and federations. If those in charge of sports affairs cultivate sports activities in general and also the culture of exercising even in a short time according to the available facilities and conditions of people in the society, they will reduce diseases and increase the health of people in the society. Meanwhile, the main task of the Physical Education Organization and its related institutions is important in inviting people and attracting athletes to perform physical activity, because one of the types of sports delegations in the world is the federation and public sports delegations. The difference between public and championship sports is that in public sports, the main goal is "health for all", while in championship sports, the goal is "gaining skills and competition", i.e. those who do public sports aim to gain health and vitality. It is for oneself and others, and in public sports, true victory occurs when all members of the group are healthy and happy. Also, if the heads of delegations and sports federations have the necessary motivation in this regard, they will play a very important role in increasing the health of athletes. Motivation is the factor that causes people to show the best quality of their work in doing things. Motivation is one of the main factors that determine the performance of employees. A personchr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39')))s motivation encompasses all the reasons why a person acts in a particular way. The main issue in the field of motivation is the diversity of motivational factors and also their impact on the organization, according to the job and environmental conditions that should be considered by managers to achieve organizational goals. In other words, an unsatisfied need creates tension, and this stress causes impulses to be aroused within the individual. These motivations are internal things that cause a person to display searching behavior in pursuit of specific goals. Attention to motivation in employees and the organization can affect all three components of creativity, namely expertise, creative thinking skills, and motivation. But the reality is that influencing the first two components is much more difficult and time-consuming. Intrinsic motivation can be significantly increased even with minor changes in the organizational environment. Employees who are internally motivated feel that they are impacted by the results of their work through their abilities, skills, and efforts, thus increasing their likelihood of creativity and innovation, while the perception of external control over them increases. Feeling of lack of influence on the work and its result, inability to perform activities, and reduce their motivation. On the other hand, the study of motivational factors in organizations such as sports delegations that deal with the health of athletes and members of society is one of the most challenging research discussions, and thinking in this area requires much study. Because the importance of sports and sports organizations is not hidden from anyone. Sport is one of the most important and fundamental factors in providing vitality and happiness of society and has an impact on national productivity, and as a result, has a positive effect on the economic prosperity and health of the country. According to previous research, no research has been done on the effect of individual and organizational motivational factors on the tenure of sports teams and its relationship with the health of athletes, so the results of this study can provide a model for future scientific selection. And more precisely, the candidates for the presidency of the provincial sports delegations should be used and cause people to enter the delegations whose personal and organizational motivations are in line and cause the development of sports and the health of athletes and members of the community. Therefore, this research has been done to answer the question of whether individual and organizational motivation affect the tenure of provincial sports delegations? Is there a relationship between the individual and organizational motivation of the heads of sports delegations and the health of athletes?
Research Method: This research was a descriptive-correlational study that was conducted by Delphi interviews and fieldwork. Also, the present study is applied in terms of purpose and retrospective in terms of data collection time. The statistical population of the study was divided into two parts:
A) Qualitative section: including 15 managers and deputies of the General Directorate of Sports and Youth of the provinces, presidents of sports federations and professors of sports management were selected to achieve theoretical saturation by theoretical and judgmental sampling.
B) Quantitative section: includes all the heads of active provincial sports delegations in the country, which was estimated at more than 1400 people in 1398, and by random sampling of two-stage clusters (based on geographical areas) first randomly from among the provinces 20 provinces and in the next stage 10 provinces (Tehran, Isfahan, Gilan, Mazandaran, Ilam, Hamedan, Hormozgan, Fars, Khorasan Razavi, and South Khorasan) were selected and 400 questionnaires were distributed and sent, of which 384 questionnaires were completed and analyzed.
Data collection tools included the following questionnaires:
A) Researcher-made organizational motivation questionnaire that by studying the research background, had 27 items and 7 subscales (interpersonal interaction, general working conditions, organizational growth, sports factors, political factors, economic factors and social factors);
B) The researcher-made questionnaire was individual motivation with 37 items in 8 dimensions (interpersonal interaction, task, general working conditions, personal growth, reward, individual political factors, individual economic factors and individual social factors);
The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) developed by Goldberg is one of the most well-known screening tools available in Forms 12, 28, 30 and 60. In this set, a 28-question form was prepared in four dimensions of physical symptoms and general health status, anxiety, social dysfunction and depression.
Due to the researcher-made two questionnaires of individual and organizational motivation, because it can not be done by face validity and Cronbachchr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39')))s alpha reliability, the validity of divergent and convergent structures was reported by exploratory factor analysis and values ​​with the help of statistical software SPSS 21 and SmartPLS.3 were analyzed.
Results: The results showed that individual and organizational motivation factors had an effect on the tenure of the provincial sports delegations and also the results showed that the individual and organizational motivations of the heads of sports delegations had a significant relationship with the health of athletes.
Conclusion: In general, individual and organizational motivation can affect the tenure of the head of sports organizations and also there is a relationship between individual and organizational motivation of sports heads with the health of athletes and individuals in the community, and this indicates that motivations Individual and organizational candidates for the presidency of sports delegations should be examined as much as possible to increase the level of health of individuals in the community and athletes.
 
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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