Volume 24, Issue 160 (10-2017)                   RJMS 2017, 24(160): 48-61 | Back to browse issues page

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Rahmani J, Yekaninejad M, Dorosty Motlagh A. The relationship between dietary diversity, body fat and previous lifestyle with depression and self-esteem in training military service. RJMS. 2017; 24 (160) :48-61
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-5096-en.html
Professor, Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (754 Views)
Background: Mental disorders are on the rise which disrupt health status. Depression and loss of self-esteem are the most important problems which will lead to chronic diseases. One of the steps affecting mental health is military service. The aim of this study was to evaluate depression and self-esteem during training troops and their relation with people's lifestyle.
Methods: In This semi experimental study 246 soldiers in 2016, according to inclusion criteria were selected from an army barrack. After obtaining informed consent depression and self-esteem and other indices were measured. After 8 weeks, repeated assessments of depression and self-esteem was performed, and the connections with lifestyle was determined by linear regression. Values less than 0.05 were considered significant.
Results: The mean age was 24.15±1.54 years. The degree of depression and self-esteem were 2.72 and 4.33 that changed to 2.24 and 5.58, respectively. A high diversity of food reduces depression. Weight loss during the period of soldiers on changes in depression and self-esteem was effective and statistically significant.
Conclusion: During military training period depression and self-esteem chenged. High dietary diversity and good economic status are protective factors against these changes. Further studies are recommended to determine these relationships.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Radiology

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