Volume 24, Issue 159 (9-2017)                   RJMS 2017, 24(159): 83-93 | Back to browse issues page

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Rasoolinajad M, abedinia N, Noorbala A A, Mohraz M, Moradmand B. Effect of Mental Health, Coping Mechanisms and Stigma on Risky Behaviors in HIV Positive Patients in Iran - a Cross-Sectional Study. RJMS. 2017; 24 (159) :83-93
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-4685-en.html
PhD student, Department of Infections, Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS Tehran University of Medical Science & Maternal Neonatal & Fetal Health Research Center, Vali Asr Hospital, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (726 Views)

Background: Unfortunately, during the past years an increase in HIV infection is reported, especially through high-risk sexual relations. In this study, the effect of stigma, mental health and coping mechanisms on risky behaviors in HIV-positive patients were examined.

Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study. Using convienient sampling method 450 HIV-positive patients were enrolled from Behavioral and Infectious Disease Clinic in Imam Khomeini Hospital in Tehran. The data were collected using demographic questionnaire, Berger Scale Stigma, General Health-28 Questionnaire, and Lazarus coping strategies questionnaire (WOCQ). The data were analyzed using independent t-test, ANOVA and regression.

Results: Mental health, stigma and coping mechanisms of problem solving were associated with risky behaviors (p<0.05) and rate of stigma was more in women and mental health lower in this group compared with men.

Conclusion: Psychological interventions may be effective in improving mental health and reducing risk behaviors.

 

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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