Volume 24, Issue 163 (1-2018)                   RJMS 2018, 24(163): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Chronic Hepatites B and Pregnancy: Challenges and opportunities (Review Article). RJMS. 2018; 24 (163)
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-4259-en.html
Abstract:   (315 Views)

Abstract

Background: Hepatitis B is one of the major health problems in the world, especially in developing countries, about 5 percent of women are carriers of the disease and the most common way of transmission is from mother to child. The aim of this study is to provide information for health care and familiarity with new knowledge by focusing on the issues and ripe with a variety of chronic hepatitis B in pregnant women and for pregnancy.

Methods: Data of the study were collected from various studies database of Databases Google scholar, Plumbed (Medline) and Scopus also check the site of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). A comprehensive search conducted by the keywords of hepatitis B and pregnancy and hepatitis B .Strategies of search performed by using the capability of advanced search. All articles published during the last 5 years "(2010- 2015) which were in English and had full text, were examined. After the initial search and the search based on a total of 47 articles were included in the study.

Results: This article deals with the different aspects of chronic hepatitis in pregnancy. The first is that hepatitis has not an impact on fertility, but in the use of IVF in infertile Lower fertility rates have been reported in patients infertile. Second screening and preventive measures of vertical transmission of immunoprophlaxis and new methods of drug use and immunoglobulin in pregnant women is considered. Third antiretroviral therapy in pregnant women should be done based on the protocol. Finally cesarean in suffering women cannot be described. But before the start of labor, there are also women who need further investigation and should be encouraged to breastfeed their babies.

Conclusion: Pregnancy is a perfect opportunity to cut off the transmission of hepatitis B, especially in developing countries. In this context, we can develop strategies to reduce the burden of disease as an important step to consider but we need to further investigation in this area.

     
Type of Study: review article | Subject: Gynecology

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