Volume 23, Issue 152 (2-2017)                   RJMS 2017, 23(152): 46-53 | Back to browse issues page

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Adaptation of preventive guideline of cardiovascular disease. RJMS. 2017; 23 (152) :46-53
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-4223-en.html
Abstract:   (4573 Views)

Background: Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death in Iran. We need a suitable clinical guideline to prevent and control CVD.

Methods: We selected final guideline in 4 steps and started with searching electronic resources, related webs and data banks. After initial assessment, we applied Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation II (AGREE) appraisal instrument to appraise selected guidelines. Finally adaptation process of guideline finished with extraction of main questions and recommendations.

Results: Recommendations are provided in 2 parts: life style management and clinical-therapeutic guides for hyperlipidemia and hypertension. People are advised to have moderate to severe aerobic physical activities 3-4 times weekly for 40 minutes per session. For primary prevention, non- diabetic people with LDL-C ranges 170-189 mg/dl, should consume statins. Also we advised them to estimate cardio vascular 10 years risks with their health providers.

Conclusion: Dietary patterns reduce blood pressure independently in comparison with low diet sodium and weight reduction. We must encourage people to adjust recommended dietary plans with their cultural and personal preferences.

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Type of Study: review article | Subject: Community Medicine

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