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Research code: 0
Ethics code: IR.IAU.QOM.REC.1401.107
Clinical trials code: 0

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Arbabi F, Zargham Hajebi M, Tabaraei R. Design of an Educational Package to Facilitate and Promote the Social Development of Children in Single-Child Families based on Erikson's Theory. RJMS 2024; 31
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-8367-en.html
Associate Professor, Educational Psychology Department, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran (Corresponding author) , Zarghamhajebi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (185 Views)
Background and Aim: The number of single-child families has increased significantly in recent years. Postmodern thoughts, changes in the way of life, the mechanization of societies, women's desire for activities outside the home, including employment, sports and other fun activities, depression and boredom of mothers, spending time and time for children, economic problems and financial burden, and Other problems that families face in raising their children are the increase in the number of single-child families, followed by the parents' concern about the child's growth and the experts in the field of psychology, educational sciences, and social sciences about the consequences of collective developments. Some researchers believe that the most important consequence of being an only child is the damage to the individual's social growth, and from their point of view, the low level of interaction and social relations in small-population families causes the decline of the social growth of only children. Therefore, the problems faced by children in single-child families are an alarm for teachers, sociologists and psychologists, and it is necessary to think of measures to reduce the harms and dangers of this emerging phenomenon. One of the resources that we have and by using which we can use it to grow and facilitate the social transformation of children are the theories that exist in this field. Considering the unfortunate consequences that the lack of social development and consequently anti-social behaviors have for people, educational and psychological interventions play a significant role in facilitating social development. Therefore, the current research was conducted with the aim of developing an educational package to facilitate and promote the social development of children in single-child families based on Erikson's theory.
Method: This research was qualitative and thematic analysis. The statistical population included written sources, including scientific books on growth theories, especially Erikson's theory, reliable foreign and domestic scientific databases, and other written sources that have discussed Erikson's growth theory in the last 15 years. Purposive sampling method was used to select the sample. After collecting related sources, the content of those sources was immediately analyzed according to the method of Brown and Clark (2006) in order to gain an understanding of the contents, the analogical (whole to part) and inductive (part to whole) approaches were used simultaneously. The themes that could represent parts from the text (usually one or more sentences), were determined and recorded, in this order, the act of listing and clustering the categories (main and sub-themes) was done; So that a summarized table was formed for each of the texts.
Results: The data were analyzed using the method of Brown and Clark (2006). The content of the educational package, including the cultivation of hope, will and purpose, was compiled in the form of 8 educational sessions in order to "facilitate and promote the social transformation of children". Educational sessions for 8 sessions (1st to 3rd sessions: practical guide for developing hope in preschool children, 4th to 6th sessions: practical guide for developing will in preschool children, 7th and 8th sessions: practical guide for developing goals in preschool children), once a week and Each two-hour session, especially for mothers, was presented with the aim of "facilitating and promoting children's social transformation" so that children can achieve the fundamental strengths of hope, will, purposefulness, and ultimately competence, which is associated with social development.
Conclusion: It can be said that parents, as the first factor of socialization of their children, play an important role in their psychological and social growth and development, and their behavior can mainly be effective in satisfying or inhibiting psychological needs. Children need responsibility and different tasks should be assigned to them in order to prevent them from falling into learned helplessness. Children need the coherence and coordination of parents. Children need education and it is not only the school and society that play a role in this matter. But also parents should actively participate in the child's education. Children need their parents to encourage them, they need to connect with others, and they also need to have opportunities for all-round development; and the normal social and cognitive development as well as normal personality development of the child is influenced by the conditions and context in which it is raised.
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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