Volume 29, Issue 12 (3-2023)                   RJMS 2023, 29(12): 171-178 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 01
Ethics code: 01
Clinical trials code: 01

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Department of Educational Management, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran , V_data@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (915 Views)
Background & Aims: Today's world is the world of science, knowledge, and information, and the progress of every society is based on the expansion of information. Since the nature of higher education is to create information and exchange knowledge, it is reasonable to accept it. Developments in information technology have transformed schools and universities, and this seems inevitable. In the last century, which is the period of transition from the industrial age to the age of information and communication. Compared to the past, education has changed significantly both in terms of quantity and quality and speed of presentation. According to the experiences gained in education, it should be accepted that electronic education has become one of the necessities of life and has facilitated the teaching and learning process for professors and students. This use can be seen in the methods of teaching, taking units, lesson exercises, discussing and exchanging opinions with professors and their colleagues. The accessibility of people has expanded to such an extent that it is used to meet the daily needs of life. The ever-increasing growth of information technology in the world has made many people have access to the Internet in such a way that the speed of this movement is well evident in developing countries, including Iran. Terms such as e-commerce, e-government, e-education, e-society, etc., when they enter societies, require the use and application of information technology in different fields more than it seems. Information technology is one of the tools that can win in today's competitive arena by absorbing and applying correctly, accurately and quickly. Meanwhile, the development of the educational system in the era of information and communication technology is one of the main challenges of educational policy makers. The main purpose of using information and communication technology in higher education is to increase the efficiency of educational processes and improve the educational processes of students. Due to the ability to send content and course materials to the whole world at the same time, the ultimate goal of educational institutions to adapt to communication and information technologies is to serve newer and larger groups outside of their physical reach. Provide training. In the educational system of the 21st century, the use of information and communication technologies in the teaching and learning process has received much attention, and the issue of electronic education has been raised. This type of education is a foundation of the application of communication technology, professional and academic psychological concepts, based on common criteria and standards, which takes a special form according to the goals, needs and existing realities of societies. Electronic education has promised this to mankind. With the passage of time, place and borders, it can easily enter any home and fill the thirst of education with learning. Electronic learning is a better educational system for the new generation. This system includes many activities such as knowledge delivery, advanced training system, good coding, regular information updates, etc. E-learning is generally dependent on advanced computing and information technology infrastructure. The role of technology in the educational system is effective and can make it universal, simple, flexible and easily accessible. As a result, it can be concluded that today's education system needs new technology to make it more advanced and the education system better. Electronic education means the use of electronic information transfer tools to transfer information and knowledge, which include computer-based education, intranet-based education, web-based education, new paradigms and information technology products that humanity lead to a great educational revolution. The transition from the industrial society to the information society is not necessarily an evolutionary movement, but a structural leap. Therefore, for the first time, it is possible for countries to jump from a backward position to an advanced position. Meanwhile, the amount of development and application of information and communication technology in education is considered the most important indicator of progress, and virtual education or electronic education is considered the most important factor of scientific and cultural leap. In this research, an attempt is made to identify the challenges in the mentioned field after examining and studying e-learning and the capacities of using e-learning at different levels of medical education. Using the obtained information and the current situation, it is necessary to examine the relationship between the individual characteristics of the students of medical sciences universities and learning through electronic education, and the main question of this study is whether the individual characteristics of the faculty members of the universities of sciences Does medicine have a significant relationship with learning through e-learning?
Methods: The method of this research was descriptive and correlational. In terms of data collection, it was a descriptive-field method. The statistical population of this research includes professors of Khuzestan universities of medical sciences, who are 680 people, and the sampling method in this research is a simple random method considering that the number of the statistical population is known. The current research questionnaire includes 7 main indicators and 32 items. The content-form validity of the present research questionnaire was obtained from the consensus of experts and experts based on the Delphi method. Data analysis in the quantitative part, the descriptive statistics of the professors of medical sciences universities of Khuzestan province are presented and Spearman's correlation coefficient is used.
Results: The results showed that there is a significant positive relationship between individual faculty characteristics (gender: 0.985, education status: 0.652, age: 0.432, job experience: 0.501) and learning through electronic education. There is no significant relationship between experience in e-learning with a coefficient of 0.125 and learning through e-learning.
Conclusion: In general, it can be concluded that there is a significant relationship between the personal characteristics of faculty members of medical sciences universities and learning through e-learning, so trying to achieve optimal personal characteristics in the direction of education is considered important. This research, like other research, has some limitations, for example, considering that this research was conducted on the faculty of the Khuzestan University of Medical Sciences, the results of this research should be cautiously shared with other institutions, bodies, and organizations. The country extended. Also, due to the large number of questions and the time-consuming completion of questionnaires by experts, there is a possibility of bias in the results. Another limitation of this study was the difficulty in arranging and coordinating the appropriate time and place for some experts to answer the questionnaire. According to the results, it is suggested that the regional connections with the headquarters area and the role of universities in the development of virtual education need to strengthen the supporting role of the headquarters area in providing infrastructure and financial resources and more independence to the universities in planning and implementing the development of virtual education. Also, one of the most important factors in achieving such an environment is the training of management and experienced support staff who have the necessary knowledge, attitudes, and skills to guide students.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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