Volume 29, Issue 10 (12-2022)                   RJMS 2022, 29(10): 193-202 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: مقاله مستخرج از رساله دكتري است
Ethics code: IR.IAU.AHVAZ.REC.1400.010
Clinical trials code: 0

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Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran , am.koraei@gmail.com
Abstract:   (680 Views)
Background & Aims: As a social unit, the family includes the most, the deepest, and the most basic human relationships, which, in terms of their importance, role, and various applications, are of interest to religious and ethical scholars, education experts, sociology, and psychology. has taken (2). Therefore, the importance of recognizing and investigating the factors that cause the consistency and strength of this social institution can be a useful step in the direction of improving the level of society's culture (4). The tendency to marry is influenced by several factors. Among the various factors affecting marriage, social life is very important, and communication is one of the main skills of social life (6) and one of the factors that can weaken the effectiveness of a communication and cause a lack of understanding of the message sent. Or in other words, to decode it correctly, it is false beliefs, prejudices and negative attitudes (7). In fact, the farther the cognitive fields of the two elements of communication, i.e. the receiver and sender of the message, are from each other, the less effective the communication will be (8). A person's attitude towards marriage is his way of thinking and feeling about marriage (10). The attitude that a person has towards the future and the choice of a spouse can determine how to guide them in future relationships, and the lack of a positive attitude as a result of numerous individual and external reasons is considered to explain the lack of tendency of young people to marry (13).
The effectiveness of the L-Son model has been confirmed in many other studies, including Sepehari Shamlou et al. These researchers showed that the approach of pre-marital education has been effective in increasing awareness of expectations, improving communication beliefs and marital satisfaction of married women. But the question is whether this approach has an effect on the communication beliefs of the fear of marriage among students or not? Another pre-marriage training program is pre-marriage awareness and interpersonal choices program. This program was based on the communication attachment model. OneApp was developed as a model for examining close relationships. This theoretical model is a representation of communication links in a relationship. Overall, this program provides a comprehensive and thorough review of the salient areas for explaining romantic relationships and a comprehensive framework for understanding the pattern of closeness and intimacy in premarital relationships. In confirmation of this result, Rajabi and colleagues in a research confirmed the effectiveness of this educational strategy on improving communication beliefs and reducing ineffective beliefs.
According to the above, preparing for marriage is a relatively new approach to prevent dissatisfaction and failure in married life, and it is based on the view that boys and girls on the verge of marriage can learn how to have successful and stable marriages; Teaching pre-marital skills helps to strengthen and stabilize marriage, reduce divorce rate and improve the quality of marriage, and this doubles the tendency of researchers to follow up early and provide specialized intervention in order to have the best choice. However, the internal and external limitations in the constructs and dependent variables of the research are well indicative of the novelty of these trainings and the high prevalence of divorce and marital problems indicate the lack of sufficient attention of specialists to this important and vital training. Also, researchers still do not have a general opinion about the best consensus method. In this regard, the aim of the current research is to answer the question whether two premarital preparation strategies with Olson's approach and premarital education based on selection and awareness are effective on the fear of marriage of students on the verge of marriage? And which method is more effective?
Methods: To conduct the present semi-experimental research, which was pre-test-post-test and follow-up with the test and control group, 45 people were selected from among the students on the verge of marriage of Dezful University of Medical Sciences using the available sampling method and considering the entry and exit criteria. In the form of three groups of 15 people, the training was divided into the method of choice and awareness, Elson's approach and control, and after completing the consent form, Idelson-Wapstein's (1982) communication beliefs questionnaires and Richard et al.'s (2007) fear of marriage. completed in the pre-test. Then the experimental groups received 90 90-minute sessions of their respective intervention. Finally, all subjects completed the questionnaires again.
Finally, descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation), Shapiro-Wilk tests, analysis of variance with repeated measures and Bonferroni's post hoc analysis were used to analyze the data using SPSS version 24 software.
Results: The results showed that the difference between the mean scores of fear of marriage in three stages of the research is significant (P≥0.001). Also, the average scores of this variable in the two experimental and control groups also have a significant difference (P≥0.001). The results have shown that nearly 53% of the individual differences are related to the differences between the three groups. In addition, the interaction between research stages and group membership is also significant (P=0.001). The amount of this difference is about 0.916. That is, 91% of the variance or individual differences are related to the differences between the three stages of the test and group membership.
According to the results of the follow-up test, it was found that the difference between the pre-test, post-test and follow-up stages was significant and it was found that in the structure of fear of marriage, the difference between the two stages of pre-test and post-test (P=0.001), pre-test and follow-up (0.001) =P) is significant; But the difference between the post-test and the follow-up was not significant.
Conclusion: The results showed that the two methods of pre-marriage education, the method of choice and awareness and El Son's approach, have a significant effect on the communication beliefs of students' fear of marriage. In the explanation of the present research, it can be said that Elson's approach has four important features of an effective preventive approach, including the need to identify the factors that affect the success of marriage. The assessment of couples based on those factors considers the necessity of providing feedback and practice to couples in problem areas and emphasizing the training and practice of communication skills in conflict resolution (16) and these factors seem to be a reason for the findings of the present research.
On the other hand, premarital education program includes five components of recognition, trust, encouragement, commitment and contact. A composite of these five relationship links provides a picture of overall perception in a relationship and meaningful information about feelings of love, attachment, and closeness in the relationship. This program organizes the five components of communication in two parts, intellectual and heart knowledge. The part of intellectual knowledge refers to the knowledge and understanding obtained from the spouse or fiancee in the step of familiarity and romantic relationships narrowly and deeply (28).
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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