Volume 30, Issue 2 (4-2023)                   RJMS 2023, 30(2): 210-0 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: مقاله مستخرج از رساله دكتري است
Ethics code: IR.IAU.M.REC.1400.026
Clinical trials code: 0

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Mohandes L, Javidi H, Barzegar M, Sohrabi N. Predicting post-divorce adjustment based on personality traits, attachment style and perceived support with the mediating role of social adjustment. RJMS 2023; 30 (2) :210-0
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-7327-en.html
Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch, Marvdasht, Iran , javid952@hotmail.com
Abstract:   (368 Views)
Extended Abstract
Divorce is a process that people cling to to get rid of abnormalities. Most people experience feelings of failure and low self-esteem after divorce, which makes it difficult for them to adjust after divorce (1). There are two different models for coping with the stress of divorce; A crisis model, in which the negative consequences of divorce are assumed to be a temporary phenomenon that most people adjust to over time. Another model of chronic stress, which assumes divorce, is associated with acute and chronic stress (3).
One of the factors related to divorce is personality traits, which refers to the set of traits that exist in a person almost permanently and distinguish him from others (4). Personality traits can directly or indirectly affect problem-solving styles (5).
On the other hand, attachment is defined as a pattern of thinking, feeling and behavior of people in a close emotional relationship with primary caregivers or other intimate people, the effects of which are transmitted to later stages of life (6). Describing the characteristics of the three attachment styles, it can be said that safe attachments feel comfortable and safe in most situations and have a positive, supportive and responsive image of others, insecure attachments do not shy away from strangers, and They show a little caution (8).
One of the important sources of adaptation in stressful situations is the amount of support and attention received from relatives. Social support includes the definition of love, companionship, care, respect, attention, and assistance received by individuals or groups such as family, friends, and others (9). Social support is the strongest and most powerful coping force for successful and easy coping with stressful situations and facilitates endurance for the individual (11).
Another important issue in relation to divorce is social adjustment, which is the ability to interact with others in a specific way that is acceptable in society (12). Social adjustment is the process by which relationships between individuals, groups, and cultural elements are identified. The individual helps to adapt to the world around him (14).
The research method was descriptive-correlational which was done by structural equation modeling (SEM) by path analysis. According to this design, personality traits, attachment style and perceived support were exogenous variables, social adjustment was the mediating variable and post-divorce adjustment was the endogenous variable. The statistical population included divorced women referring to counseling centers in Shiraz in 1398. At first, clusters of 9 active counseling centers were randomly selected from among 15 family consolidation centers and then 450 people were available (50 people each). Divorced women as a sample and post-divorce adjustment questionnaires Fisher (1976), Perceived support (1998), Social adjustment (1961), Attachment style (1987), Five personality factors (NEO) (1992) It was distributed and collected and finally 416 questionnaires were analyzed.
The results showed that post-divorce adjustment with avoidant and ambivalent attachment styles, neurotic personality trait has a negative and significant relationship, has a positive and significant relationship with other variables.
The results showed that predictor variables were able to predict 41% of changes related to post-divorce adjustment (P <0.001, F = 97.29). Also, family support (P <0.001 and β = 0.40), friends support (P <0.001 and β = 0.40) and support for others (P <0.04 and β = 0.14) Compatibility Predicts after divorce in a positive and meaningful way. Another finding showed that social adjustment significantly predicts post-divorce adjustment so that the predictor variable was able to predict 56% of changes related to post-divorce adjustment (P <0.001, 538.35 = F). Also, social adjustment (P <0.001 and β = 0.75) predicts post-divorce adjustment positively and significantly. On the other hand, it was found that personality traits significantly predict post-divorce adjustment so that predictor variables were able to predict 63% of changes related to post-divorce adjustment (0.001 P <, 35/139 = F). Also, neuroticism (P <0.001 and β = - 21), openness trait (P <0.001 and β = 0.35), consent trait (P <0.001 and β = 0.15) And the characteristic of being conscientious (P <0.001 and β = 0.32) significantly predicts post-divorce adjustment. But the feature of extroversion could not predict post-divorce adjustment. Finally, it was found that attachment style significantly predicts post-divorce adjustment so that predictor variables were able to predict 43% of changes related to post-divorce adjustment (P <0.001, 103/96 = F). Also, safe style (P <0.001 and β = 0.51) and ambivalent style (P <0.001 and β = -0.17) significantly predict post-divorce adjustment. But avoidant attachment style could not predict post-divorce adjustment.
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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