Volume 28, Issue 2 (4-2021)                   RJMS 2021, 28(2): 93-103 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: A-10-5575-1
Ethics code: 1234
Clinical trials code: A-10-5575-1

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Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran , Labibi_mehdi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1917 Views)
 Background & Aims: Public sports can be considered as one of the most common parts in the development of sports in a society. Today, public sports have received special attention from different countries. Many scientists are trying to identify and develop predictive indicators of talented people in various sports. Before the Sydney Olympics, Australia paid a lot of attention to public sports. Providing general motor skills and training in public sports such as gymnastics and swimming and running will prepare them for future sports, physical activity, military service, and a better life in general. Public sports education in elementary school and beyond can effectively help the development of public sports in a city to learn how to participate in sports competitions. In addition, a school-based sport is a good opportunity for teachers who are normally qualified to teach life skills and science and knowledge to all children in an organized and supportive environment. Public motor skills form the basis of almost all physical activities and sports. Basically, the development of sports is related to increasing participation and promoting opportunities and benefits of participating in sports activities. Participation in sports and physical activity has a wide range of concepts such as the participation of children in games, the participation of women in sports, the participation of young people in legal sports, and ultimately the development of public sports, professions and championships. Falling behind this rising wave, it can in no way fill the gap created, and eventually the differences in productivity from the effects of exercise and motor activities will be clear. Therefore, it is very important to better understand public sports in order to identify the obstacles that stand in the way of the development of public sports. According to the definition provided by the Irish Coaching Association, each person must go through three stages of starting activities, movements and learning to play and learn before practicing the activities to win. Extensive research and materials are needed to achieve the variables affecting the development and barriers of public sports. Today, sports and people's participation in sports activities as a social phenomenon should be studied and considered. One of the most important functions of this phenomenon is its important role in creating public health. This can be clearly seen through the sport in the lives of the people involved. The purpose of this sociological study is the components of identity and its impact on public sports in the 14th district of Tehran.
Methods: The statistical population in this study includes all relevant managers in sports and citizens of District 14 of Tehran. Information was collected from managers through interviews qualitatively and information from citizens of District 14 quantitatively using a researcher-made questionnaire. Statistically, there are about 650 people. The sample size was determined using the Cochran's formula, which is about 280 people, and was done by qualitative-quantitative (mixed) method. The sample size was determined using the Cochran's formula, which was about 650 people and was done by available sampling method. The data collection tool in this research is field studies and also a researcher-made questionnaire. The present research is applied-descriptive in terms of developmental purpose and descriptive-survey research in terms of data collection method. In this study, descriptive and inferential statistics including Pearson correlation coefficient and finally the structural equation modeling (SEM) method using SPSS22 software was used to present a suitable model.
Results: The results of this study showed that the feeling of national pride, belief in the superiority of Iranian culture, preference of Iranian culture to sports, sense of belonging and commitment to national culture and tradition have a significant effect on the development of public sports.
Conclusion: Sports can strengthen national solidarity And by creating national pride and tying the interests of different groups of society, it will cause solidarity and harmony within the country and show power in the world arena. This phenomenon, regardless of the recreational aspect and deterrents such as conflict between local, national and transnational identities, can play an important role in the development and growth of the nationalization process. In a way that governments try to strengthen and deepen the national identity by formulating sports policies and through social stimulation and enthusiasm in the leisure space, increase social trust and consequently national pride, which in itself strengthens the coexistence culture of the people of a territorial complex. It becomes. The concept of sports development is very general and can include the development of sports at all levels, public, elite, public, and so on. Sports development is a comprehensive help to people to start a sport, stay in the sport of their choice and succeed in it. The development of sport is defined by Collins as an effective opportunity, systems and structures and processes that enable individuals at all levels or specific groups or regions to participate in sports, recreation and entertainment and to perform at any level. They want to make progress. Therefore, today, the development of public sports requires planning in various fields, one of the most basic of which to avoid wasting time and money can be to identify problems in the development of public sports in cities. Identifying obstacles to the development of grassroots sports can be a great help in overcoming them and providing effective solutions to increase participation in sports activities and the development of championship sports. Undoubtedly, the educational system of any country can make a great contribution to the development of sports and recognition of talents and help the growth of public sports, but given the educational structure of the country in practice, the efficiency and effectiveness of this system is not significant. National identity transcends traditional and indigenous identities of ethnicity, tribe, and even religion. National identity is citizenship identity. The relationship of citizens in a country with the government and rulers is established not on the basis of ethnic, religious, racial and linguistic ties, but on the basis of reciprocal rights and duties; Rights and duties regulated by law and with the role of citizens. Citizens participate in the drafting, approval and monitoring of the implementation of the law by their elected representatives. National identity in a country creates strong national responsibilities and interests for its citizens, and on the contrary, ambiguity and doubt in national identity reduces commitment, interest, patriotism and responsibility. National identity is the link between all the different ethnic and cultural groups in a multi-ethnic country. Sport, while arising from the culture of coexistence and collective interests of a historical society, can also be a social matter, reviving the collective will and historical ties between a nation. At the same time, the sport itself, regardless of historical affiliation, can stimulate ethnic and national spirit by using symbols and make nations proud in international competitions and have different perceptions of their historical status. Sport can strengthen national solidarity and, by creating national pride and tying the interests of different groups of society, cause solidarity and harmony within the country and show power in the international arena. This phenomenon, regardless of the recreational aspect and deterrents such as conflict between local, national and transnational identities, can play an important role in the development and growth of the nationalization process. In a way that governments try to strengthen and deepen the national identity by formulating sports policies and through social stimulation and enthusiasm in the leisure space, increase social trust and consequently national pride, which in itself strengthens the coexistence culture of the people of a territorial complex. It becomes.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Clinical Psychiatry

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