Volume 26, Issue 8 (11-2019)                   RJMS 2019, 26(8): 31-41 | Back to browse issues page

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PhD, Assistant Professor of Sport Physiology, Department of Sport Sciences, Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran , salehzadehkarim@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2436 Views)
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease, and one of the most common endocrine diseases and one of the biggest health problems in all countries. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 12 weeks aerobic exercise with dairy consumption (low milk and yogurt) on cardiovascular risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Methods: This quasi-experimental study was performed on 48 subjects randomly divided into four groups of 12: (1) supplementation (low fat milk and yogurt), (2) aerobic training, (3) supplementation + aerobic training, and (4) Control group. The training group performed three 60-minute weekly moderate exercise and supplementation group received 200 grams of yogurt and 250 milliliters of low-fat milk every day for 12 weeks. 48 hours before and after the last intervention session, body mass index, waist-hip ratio, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, base blood glucose (fasting glucose, glucose 2 hours post-meal, HbA1c), triglyceride and total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein, and frequent lipoprotein was measured. Data were analyzed by SPSS 20 at a significance level of less than 5.
Results: The results of this study showed that 12 weeks of aerobic training and dairy supplementation did not have a significant effect on systolic and diastolic blood pressure. But significant effect was seen in case of the body mass index (p = 0.001) and the waist to hip ratio (p = 0.001), blood glucose (p= 0.001), (p = 0.001) HbA1c and high density lipoprotein (p=0.001), low density lipoprotein (p= 0.122), total cholesterol (p = 0.007) and triglyceride (p = 0.006).
Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study, a regular aerobic exercise program with a precise degree of severity and low-fat dairy consumption can be used to control and reduce cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetic patients, which can be recommended in community health centers.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Exercise Physiology

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