Volume 22, Issue 137 (11-2015)                   RJMS 2015, 22(137): 9-18 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (5602 Views)

Background: Emotion cognitive regulation strategies and impulsivity are of affection factors in adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The aim of the study was to compare adaptive and maladaptive emotion cognitive regulation strategies and impulsivity and its dimensions motor, cognitive and non-planning in normal boy adolescents and with ADHD.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional and post event study (causal-comparative method), and study statistical population was all boy student of Amol town high school. The study sample comprised of 40 people (20 people with ADHD and 20 normal people) who were selected by convenient sampling method. Data were collected using Achenbach Youth Self-Report Scale (YSR), Garnefski & Kraaij emotion cognitive regulation questionnaire, Barrat Impulsivity Scale and clinical interview. To analyze the data Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, t independent test and multi-variate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used.

Results: The mean age of the adolescents with ADHD was 15.05 ± 0.60 and normal 15.10 ± 0.71 years. Results revealed that mean scores of maladaptive emotion cognitive regulation strategies (ADHD: 17.65±4.95, normal: 14.35±4.45), general score impulsivity (ADHD: 69.20±11.04, normal: 56.80±8.10), motor impulsivity (ADHD: 22.65±4.22, normal: 18.15±3.97), cognitiver impulsivity (ADHD: 21.15±3.43, normal: 18.05±2.30) and non-planning (ADHD: 25.40±6.90, normal: 21.05±4.85) in adolescents with ADHD were greater than controls significan (P<0.05). However, scores of the two groups in the adaptive emotion cognitive regulation strategies (ADHD: 24.40±7.24, Normal: 24.90±4.78) were not significantly different (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Based on the finding of the present study it can be concluded that adolescents with ADHD compared with normal adolescents use more maladaptive emotion cognitive regulation strategies and impulsivity.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Neonatology

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