Volume 10, Issue 37 (3-2004)                   RJMS 2004, 10(37): 789-797 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (10477 Views)
Cardiovascular disease(CVD) is still a health and a social problem in our country. Major risk factors have been identified for CVD in different studies. Other surveys have mentioned some dietary and non-dietary factors related to these risk factors. The aim of this study was to determine the predictors of CVD risk factors in distinct 13 of Tehran. Dietary intake assessment was undertaken with 2-day 24-hour recall in 486 cases older than 20 who participated in Tehran Lipid and Glucose study after excluding the under-and over-reporters. The data about anthropometric, smoking, education level, blood pressure and the level of blood lipids was later obtained. To determine the predictors of CVD, stepwise linear regression was used. Based on the obtained results, BMI and WHR increased with age in women(P<0.01 and P<0.05 respectively). Distribution of people in different age groups was not equal in terms of smoking and education level. Results showed a strong and positive relation between BMI and carbohydrate intake with serum triglyceride(P<0.05, β=0.7, P<0.05, β=2.4) respectively. Furthermore, there was a strong and positive relation between LDL and weight(P<0.05, β=1.1), LDL and age(P<0.05, β=1.6) and LDL and cholestrol(P<0.01, β=0.7). Thus, it can be concluded that there is relation between some dietary and non-dietary factors with CVD risk factors. Considering these relations is important in prevention and reduction of CVD.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nutrition Sciences

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