Volume 11, Issue 39 (6-2004)                   RJMS 2004, 11(39): 49-57 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (10735 Views)
Studies show that residents play an important role in teaching medical students and as there is a large number of contact hours among them, they are assumed as the leaders of educational team. So developing teaching skills, being familiar with innovative teaching methods, knowing how to increase the educational efficacy, providing teaching objectives and educational spiral are the necessities of residency programs. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of teaching skills workshop on the teaching role of residents at Iran and Kermanshah Universities of Medical Sciences to promote residents’ teaching skills. In this quasi-experimental study a self-administered Likert type scale questionnaire was given to target population in pediatrics and internal medicine wards. After the pilot study, the questionnaire was distributed among interns of these two clinical wards in both universities. Then, the randomized selected residents of these two clinical settings participated in an 8-hour workshop, and then 2-3 months after the workshop, the interns again completed the questionnaire and the data were gathered. In the first stage, 164/67 interns of Iran/Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences completed the questionnaire. Then 37/16 of second and third year residents of Pediatrics and Internal medicine of Iran/Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences attended the workshop. In the second stage, 56/44 interns of Iran/Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences completed the questionnaire. There was a significant difference between the mean group ratings for all of the teaching skills characteristics in both universities(P=0.001). The overall teaching skills in Iran University of Medical Sciences significantly increased and 5 categories of teaching skills in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences except “Giving Feedback” and “Professional Characteristics” also increased after the workshop. Overall teaching effectiveness of residents increased after the workshop. Increasing scores of interns about residents’ teaching skills after the workshop revealed that training programs and teaching skills courses for residents should be performed as formal instructional residency programs. Also, a need assessment should be done to develop such a course to improve residents’ teaching skills.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Community Medicine

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