Volume 11, Number 43 (12-2004)                   RJMS 2004, 11(43): 815-820 | Back to browse issues page


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Fekrat M, Kashanian M, Jahanpour J. Risk Factors in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. RJMS. 2004; 11 (43) :815-820
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-78-en.html

Abstract:   (4901 Views)
The objective of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate the risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus. A case-control study was performed on 62 pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus and 80 normal pregnant women at Firooz Abadi Hospital during 1998-1999. The patients in two groups were compared according to age, parity, pre-pregnancy weight, family history of diabetes mellitus, history of macrosomia in their previous pregnancies, history of hypertension, previous malformed fetus, history of IUFD and abortion. Based on the obtained results there was a statistically significant difference between two groups in terms of age (P<0.0002), parity (P<0.0001), pre-pergnancy weight (P<0.0001), family history of diabetes mellitus (P<0.0002), previous macrosomia (P<0.0004), history of hypertension (P<0.0002), previous malformed fetus (P<0.0003) and previous IUFD (P<0.0002), but abortion was not significantly different. Older age, parity (3 or more) obesity, family history of diabetes mellitus, history of macrosomia, hypertension, malformed fetus and also previous IUFD are risk factors for gestational diabetes. Therefore, these women should be screened and handled for gestational diabetes in their pregnancies, and controlled for possible diabetes mellitus in the future.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Gynecology

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